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A272351 Number of ordered ways to write n as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with x^4 + 8*y*z*(y^2+z^2) a fourth power, where w,x,y,z are nonnegative integers with w >= x and y > z. 26
1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 4, 5, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 5, 4, 1, 5, 6, 1, 1, 5, 4, 5, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7, 7, 3, 2, 5, 4, 2, 1, 5, 8, 7, 2, 5, 9, 1, 3, 4, 4, 5, 2, 5, 8, 6, 1, 8, 8, 4, 4, 6, 5, 1, 5, 5, 10, 6, 2, 6, 8, 1, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,5

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 0, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 2^k, 4^k*m (k = 0,1,2,... and m = 3, 7, 31, 55, 71, 79, 151, 191).

(ii) For (b,c) = (8,8), (16,64), any positive integer can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with x^4 + b*y^3*z + c*y*z^3 a fourth power, where w is a positive integer and x,y,z are nonnegative integers.

(iii) For each triple (a,b,c) = (1,20,60), (1,24,56), (9,20,60), (9,32,96), any positive integer can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with a*x^4 + b*y^3*z + c*y*z^3 a square, where w is a positive integer and x,y,z are nonnegative integers.

The author has proved part (ii) of the conjecture in arXiv:1604.06723. - Zhi-Wei Sun, May 09 2016

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1604.06723 [math.GM], 2016.

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refine Lagrange's four-square theorem, a message to Number Theory List, April 26, 2016.

EXAMPLE

a(1) = 1 since 1 = 0^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 with 0 = 0, 1 > 0 and 0^4 + 8*1*0*(1^2+0^2) = 0^4.

a(2) = 1 since 2 = 1^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 with 1 > 0 and 0^4 + 8*1*0*(1^2+0^2) = 0^4.

a(3) = 1 since 3 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 with 1 = 1, 1 > 0 and 1^4 + 8*1*0*(1^2+0^2) = 1^4.

a(7) = 1 since 7 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 2^2 + 1^2 with 1 = 1, 3 > 1 and 1^4 + 8*2*1*(2^2+1^2) = 3^4.

a(31) = 1 since 31 = 5^2 + 1^2 + 2^2 + 1^2 with 5 > 1, 2 > 1 and 1^4 + 8*2*1*(2^2+1^2) = 3^4.

a(55) = 1 since 55 = 7^2 + 1^2 + 2^2 + 1^2 with 7 > 1, 2 > 1 and 1^4 + 8*2*1*(2^2+1^2) = 3^4.

a(71) = 1 since 71 = 3^2 + 1^2 + 6^2 + 5^2 with 3 > 1, 6 > 5 and 1^4 + 8*6*5*(6^2+5^2) = 11^4.

a(79) = 1 since 79 = 5^2 + 3^2 + 6^2 + 3^2 with 5 > 3, 6 > 3 and 3^4 + 8*6*3*(6^2+3^2) = 9^4.

a(151) = 1 since 151 = 5^2 + 3^2 + 9^2 + 6^2 with 5 > 3, 9 > 6 and 3^4 + 8*9*6*(9^2+6^2) = 15^4.

a(191) = 1 since 191 = 3^2 + 1^2 + 10^2 + 9^2 with 3 > 1, 10 > 9 and 1^4 + 8*10*9*(10^2+9^2) = 19^4.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

QQ[n_]:=QQ[n]=IntegerQ[n^(1/4)]

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&QQ[x^4+8y*z*(y^2+z^2)], r=r+1], {z, 0, (Sqrt[2n-1]-1)/2}, {y, z+1, Sqrt[n-z^2]}, {x, 0, Sqrt[(n-y^2-z^2)/2]}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 1, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A000583, A262357, A268507, A269400, A271510, A271513, A271518, A271608, A271665, A271714, A271721, A271724, A271775, A271778, A271824, A272084, A272332.

Sequence in context: A334572 A126081 A268507 * A243612 A230351 A102481

Adjacent sequences:  A272348 A272349 A272350 * A272352 A272353 A272354

KEYWORD

nonn,changed

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Apr 27 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 7 17:44 EDT 2020. Contains 336278 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)