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A271714 Number of ordered ways to write n as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 such that (10*w+5*x)^2 + (12*y+36*z)^2 is a square, where w is a positive integer and x,y,z are nonnegative integers. 39
1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 4, 4, 2, 2, 1, 3, 3, 5, 2, 2, 5, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 2, 3, 4, 4, 2, 3, 9, 2, 3, 1, 1, 6, 2, 3, 4, 6, 4, 1, 2, 5, 3, 3, 4, 3, 5, 1, 4, 5, 1, 3, 6, 6, 1, 3, 4, 5, 12, 2, 4, 6, 2, 4 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,5

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 0, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 7, 9, 19, 49, 133, 589, 2^k, 2^k*3, 4^k*q (k = 0,1,2,... and q = 14, 67, 71, 199).

(ii) If P(y,z) is one of 2y-3z, 2y-8z and 4y-6z, then any natural number can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with w,x,y,z nonnegative integers such that (w-x)^2 + P(y,z)^2 is a square.

(iii) For each triple (a,b,c) = (1,4,4), (1,12,12), (2,4,8), (2,6,6), (2,12,12), (3,4,4), (3,4,8), (3,8,8), (3,12,12), (3,12,36), (5,4,4), (5,4,8), (5,8,16), (5,36,36), (6,4,4), (7,12,12), (7,20,20), (7,24,24), (9,4,4), (9,12,12),(9,36,36), (11,12,12), (13,4,4), (15,12,12), (16,12,12), (21,20,20), (21,24,24), (23,12,12), any natural number can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with w,x,y,z nonnegative integers such that (w+a*x)^2 + (b*y-c*z)^2 is a square.

See also A271510, A271513, A271518, A271644, A271665, A271721 and A271724 for other conjectures refining Lagrange's four-square theorem.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1604.06723, 2016.

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 1 since 2 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with (10*1+5*1)^2 + (12*0+36*0)^2 = 15^2 + 0^2 = 15^2.

a(3) = 1 since 3 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 with (10*1+5*1)^2 + (12*0+36*1)^2 = 15^2 + 36^2 = 39^2.

a(4) = 1 since 4 = 2^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with (10*2+5*0)^2 + (12*0+36*0)^2 = 20^2 + 0^2 = 20^2.

a(6) = 1 since 6 = 2^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 with (10*2+5*0)^2 + (12*1+36*1)^2 = 20^2 + 48^2 = 52^2.

a(7) = 1 since 7 = 1^2 + 2^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 with (10*1+5*2)^2 + (12*1+36*1)^2 = 20^2 + 48^2 = 52^2.

a(9) = 1 since 9 = 3^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with (10*3+5*0)^2 + (12*0+36*0)^2 = 30^2 + 0^2 = 30^2.

a(19) = 1 since 19 = 3^2 + 0^2 + 3^2 + 1^2 with (10*3+5*0)^2 + (12*3+36*1)^2 = 30^2 + 72^2 = 78^2.

a(49) = 1 since 49 = 7^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with (10*7+5*0)^2 + (12*0+36*0)^2 = 70^2 + 0^2 = 70^2.

a(133) = 1 since 133 = 9^2 + 0^2 + 6^2 + 4^2 with (10*9+5*0)^2 + (12*6+36*4)^2 = 90^2 + 216^2 = 234^2.

a(589) = 1 since 589 = 17^2 + 10^2 + 2^2 + 14^2 with (10*17+5*10)^2 + (12*2+36*14)^2 = 220^2 + 528^2 = 572^2.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&SQ[(10*Sqrt[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]+5x)^2+(12y+36z)^2], r=r+1], {x, 0, Sqrt[n-1]}, {y, 0, Sqrt[n-1-x^2]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[n-1-x^2-y^2]}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 1, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A271510, A271513, A271518, A271608, A271644, A271665, A271719, A271721, A271724.

Sequence in context: A010276 A214268 A214249 * A049639 A046555 A331112

Adjacent sequences:  A271711 A271712 A271713 * A271715 A271716 A271717

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Apr 12 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 5 11:52 EDT 2020. Contains 334840 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)