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 A252117 Irregular triangle read by row: T(n,k), n>=1, k>=1, in which column k lists the numbers of A000716 multiplied by A000330(k), and the first element of column k is in row A000217(k). 3
 1, 3, 9, 5, 22, 15, 51, 45, 108, 110, 14, 221, 255, 42, 429, 540, 126, 810, 1105, 308, 1479, 2145, 714, 30, 2640, 4050, 1512, 90, 4599, 7395, 3094, 270, 7868, 13200, 6006, 660, 13209, 22995, 11340, 1530, 21843, 39340, 20706, 3240, 55, 35581, 66045, 36960, 6630, 165, 57222, 109215, 64386, 12870, 495 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Gives an identity for sigma(n). Alternating sum of row n equals A000203(n), the sum of the divisors of n. Row n has length A003056(n) hence column k starts in row A000217(k). Column 1 is A000716, but here the offset is 1 not 0. The 1st element of column k is A000330(k). The 2nd element of column k is A059270(k). The 3rd element of column k is A220443(k). The partial sums of column k give the k-th column of A249120. This triangle has been constructed after Mircea Merca's formula for A000203. From Omar E. Pol, May 05 2022: (Start) In the Honda-Yoda paper see "3. String theory and Riemann hypothesis". The coefficients that are mentioned in 3.11 are the first 16 terms of A000716, the coefficients that are mentioned in 3.12 are the first 5 terms of A000330, and the coefficients that are mentioned in 3.13 are the first 16 terms of A000203. Another triangle with the same row lengths and whose alternating row sums give A000203 is A196020. (End) LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=1..55. Masazumi Honda and Takuya Yoda, String theory, N = 4 SYM and Riemann hypothesis, arXiv:2203.17091 [hep-th], (2022), pp. 5-6. Index entries for sequences related to sigma(n) FORMULA A000203(n) = Sum_{k=1..A003056(n)} (-1)^(k-1)*T(n,k). EXAMPLE Triangle begins: 1; 3; 9, 5; 22, 15; 51, 45; 108, 110, 14; 221, 255, 42; 429, 540, 126; 810, 1105, 308; 1479, 2145, 714, 30; 2640, 4050, 1512, 90; 4599, 7395, 3094, 270; 7868, 13200, 6006, 660; 13209, 22995, 11340, 1530; 21843, 39340, 20706, 3240, 55; 35581, 66045, 36960, 6630, 165; 57222, 109215, 64386, 12870, 495; 90882, 177905, 110152, 24300, 1210; 142769, 286110, 184926, 44370, 2805; 221910, 454410, 305802, 79200, 5940; 341649, 713845, 498134, 137970, 12155, 91; ... For n = 6 the divisors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, 6, so the sum of the divisors of 6 is 1 + 2 + 3 + 6 = 12. On the other hand, the 6th row of the triangle is 108, 110, 14, so the alternating row sum is 108 - 110 + 14 = 12, equaling the sum of the divisors of 6. For n = 15 the divisors of 15 are 1, 3, 5, 15, so the sum of the divisors of 15 is 1 + 3 + 5 + 15 = 24. On the other hand, the 15th row of the triangle is 21843, 39340, 20706, 3240, 55, so the alternating row sum is 21843 - 39340 + 20706 - 3240 + 55 = 24, equaling the sum of the divisors of 15. PROG (PARI) A003056(n) = (sqrtint(8*n+1)-1)\2; A000330(n) = n*(n+1)*(2*n+1)/6; A000217(n) = n*(n+1)/2; A000716(n) = polcoef(1/eta('x+O('x^(n+1)))^3, n, x); T(n, k) = A000330(k)*A000716(n-A000217(k)); row(n) = vector(A003056(n), k, T(n, k)); \\ Michel Marcus, Oct 29 2022 CROSSREFS Cf. A000203, A000217, A000330, A000716, A003056, A059270, A196020, A220443, A238442, A249120. Sequence in context: A088898 A143218 A262024 * A103934 A365203 A186814 Adjacent sequences: A252114 A252115 A252116 * A252118 A252119 A252120 KEYWORD nonn,tabf AUTHOR Omar E. Pol, Dec 14 2014 STATUS approved

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