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A247321 Rectangular array read upwards by columns: T = T(n,k) = number of paths from (0,0) to (n,k), where 0 <= k <= 3, consisting of segments given by the vectors (1,1), (1,2), (1,-1). 7
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 4, 2, 2, 5, 5, 6, 5, 7, 13, 10, 7, 18, 22, 20, 18, 29, 45, 40, 29, 63, 87, 74, 63, 116, 166, 150, 116, 229, 329, 282, 229, 445, 627, 558, 445, 856, 1232, 1072, 856, 1677, 2373, 2088, 1677, 3229, 4621, 4050, 3229 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,12

COMMENTS

Also, T(n,k) = number of strings s(0)..s(n) of integers such that s(0) = 0, s(n) = k, and for i > 0,  s(i) is in {0,1,2,3} and s(i) - s(i-1) is in {-1,1,2} for 1 <= i <= n.

LINKS

Clark Kimberling, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

FORMULA

The four rows and the column sums all empirically satisfy the linear recurrence r(n) = 3*r(n-2) + 2*r(n-3) - r(n-4), with g.f. of the form p(x)/q(x), where q(x) = 1 - 3 x^2 - 2 x^3 + x^4.  Initial terms and p(x) follow:

(row 0, the bottom row):  1,0,1,1; 1 - 2*x^2 - x^3

(row 1):  0,1,1,2; x + x^2 - x^3

(row 2):  0,1,1,4; x + x^2 + x^3

(row 3):  0,0,1,1; 2x^2 + 2x^3

(n-th column sum) = 1,2,5,9; 1 + 2*x + 2*x^2 + x^3.

EXAMPLE

First 10 columns:

0 .. 0 .. 2 .. 2 .. 6 .. 10 .. 20 .. 40 .. 74 .. 150

0 .. 1 .. 1 .. 4 .. 5 .. 13 .. 22 .. 45 .. 87 .. 166

0 .. 1 .. 1 .. 2 .. 5 .. 7 ... 18 .. 29 .. 63 .. 116

1 .. 0 .. 1 .. 1 .. 2 .. 5 ... 7 ... 18 .. 29 .. 63

T(3,2) counts these 4 paths, given as vector sums applied to (0,0):

(1,2) + (1,1) + (1, -1)

(1,1) + (1,2) + (1,-1)

(1,2) + (1,-1) + (1,1)

(1,1) + (1,-1) + (1,2)

Partial sums of second components in each vector sum give the 3 integer strings described in Comments:  (0,2,3,2), (0,1,3,2), (0,2,1,2), (0,1,0,2).

MATHEMATICA

z = 25; t[0, 0] = 1; t[0, 1] = 0; t[0, 2] = 0; t[0, 3] = 0;

t[1, 3] = 0; t[n_, 0] := t[n, 0] = t[n - 1, 1];

t[n_, 1] := t[n, 1] = t[n - 1, 0] + t[n - 1, 2];

t[n_, 2] := t[n, 2] = t[n - 1, 0] + t[n - 1, 1] + t[n - 1, 3];

t[n_, 3] := t[n, 3] = t[n - 1, 1] + t[n - 1, 2];

u = Flatten[Table[t[n, k], {n, 0, z}, {k, 0, 3}]] (* A247321 *)

TableForm[Reverse[Transpose[Table[t[n, k], {n, 0, 12}, {k, 0, 3}]]]]

u1 = Table[t[n, k], {n, 0, z}, {k, 0, 3}];

v = Map[Total, u1]  (* A247322 column sums *)

Table[t[n, 0], {n, 0, z}]   (* A247323, row 0 *)

Table[t[n, 1], {n, 0, z}]   (* A247323 shifted, row 1 *)

Table[t[n, 2], {n, 0, z}]   (* A247325, row 2 *)

Table[t[n, 3], {n, 0, z}]   (* A247326, row 3 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf.  A247049, A247322, A247323, A247325, A247326.

Sequence in context: A270706 A082793 A114929 * A152251 A144025 A058573

Adjacent sequences:  A247318 A247319 A247320 * A247322 A247323 A247324

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf,easy

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, Sep 13 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 1 18:47 EDT 2021. Contains 346402 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)