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 A218989 Power ceiling sequence of 2+sqrt(8). 4
 5, 25, 121, 585, 2825, 13641, 65865, 318025, 1535561, 7414345, 35799625, 172855881, 834622025, 4029911625, 19458134601, 93952184905, 453641278025, 2190373851721, 10576060518985, 51065737482825, 246567192007241, 1190531717960265, 5748395639870025 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,1 COMMENTS See A214992 for a discussion of power ceiling sequence and the power ceiling function, p4(x) = limit of a(n,x)/x^n. The present sequence is a(n,r), where r = 2+sqrt(8), and the limit p4(r) = (18 + 13*sqrt(2))/2 = 5.1978251872643193763459933449608678602008191971286... See A218988 for the power floor function, p1(x); for comparison of p1 and p4, we have limit(p4(r)/p1(r) = 4 - sqrt(7). LINKS Clark Kimberling, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..250 Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (5,0,-4). FORMULA a(n) = ceiling(x*a(n-1)), where x=2+sqrt(8), a(0) = ceiling(x). a(n) = 5*a(n-1) - 4*a(n-3). G.f.: (5 - 4*x^2) / ((1 - x)*(1 - 4*x - 4*x^2)). Corrected by Colin Barker, Nov 13 2017 a(n) = (1/7)*(-1 + (18-13*sqrt(2))*(2-2*sqrt(2))^n + (2*(1+sqrt(2)))^n*(18+13*sqrt(2))). - Colin Barker, Nov 13 2017 EXAMPLE a(0) = ceiling(r) = 5, where r = 2+sqrt(8); a(1) = ceiling(5*r) = 25; a(2) = ceiling(25*r) = 121. MATHEMATICA (See A218988.) PROG (PARI) Vec((5 - 4*x^2) / ((1 - x)*(1 - 4*x - 4*x^2)) + O(x^40)) \\ Colin Barker, Nov 13 2017 CROSSREFS Cf. A214992, A057087, A086347, A218988. Sequence in context: A123871 A268453 A343801 * A078717 A275906 A249454 Adjacent sequences: A218986 A218987 A218988 * A218990 A218991 A218992 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Clark Kimberling, Nov 11 2012 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 11 17:54 EDT 2024. Contains 375839 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)