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A213205 T(n,k) = ((k+n)^2-4*k+3+(-1)^k-2*(-1)^n-(k+n)*(-1)^(k+n))/2; n , k > 0, read by antidiagonals. 4
1, 5, 4, 2, 3, 6, 10, 9, 14, 13, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 19, 18, 23, 22, 27, 26, 16, 17, 20, 21, 24, 25, 28, 32, 31, 36, 35, 40, 39, 44, 43, 29, 30, 33, 34, 37, 38, 41, 42, 45, 49, 48, 53, 52, 57, 56, 61, 60, 65, 64, 46, 47, 50, 51, 54, 55, 58, 59, 62, 63, 66, 70 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,2
COMMENTS
Permutation of the natural numbers.
a(n) is a pairing function: a function that reversibly maps Z^{+} x Z^{+} onto Z^{+}, where Z^{+} is the set of integer positive numbers.
Enumeration table T(n,k). The order of the list:
T(1,1)=1;
T(1,3), T(2,2), T(2,1), T(1,2), T(3,1);
. . .
T(1,2*n+1), T(2,2*n), T(2,2*n-1), T(1,2*n), ...T(2*n-1,3), T(2*n,2), T(2*n,1), T(2*n-1,2), T(2*n+1,1);
. . .
Movement along two adjacent antidiagonals - step to the southwest, step to the west, step to the northeast, 2 steps to the south, step to the west and so on. The length of each step is 1.
Table contains:
row 1 accommodates elements A130883 in odd places,
row 2 is alternation of elements A100037 and A033816;
column 1 is alternation of elements A000384 and A091823,
column 2 is alternation of elements A014106 and A071355,
column 3 accommodates elements A130861 in even places;
main diagonal is alternation of elements A188135 and A033567,
diagonal 1, located above the main diagonal accommodates elements A033566 in even places,
diagonal 2, located above the main diagonal is alternation of elements A139271 and A024847,
diagonal 3, located above the main diagonal accommodates of elements A033585.
LINKS
Boris Putievskiy, Transformations [of] Integer Sequences And Pairing Functions arXiv:1212.2732 [math.CO], 2012.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pairing functions
FORMULA
As table
T(n,k) = ((k+n)^2-4*k+3+(-1)^k-2*(-1)^n-(k+n)*(-1)^(k+n))/2.
As linear sequence
a(n) = (A003057(n)^2-4*A004736(n)+3+(-1)^A004736(n)-2*(-1)^A002260(n)-A003057(n)*(-1)^A003056(n))/2;
a(n) = ((t+2)^2-4*j+3+(-1)^j-2*(-1)^i-(t+2)*(-1)^t)/2, where i=n-t*(t+1)/2, j=(t*t+3*t+4)/2-n, t=floor((-1+sqrt(8*n-7))/2).
EXAMPLE
The start of the sequence as table:
1....5...2..10...7..19..16...
4....3...9...8..18..17..31...
6...14..11..23..20..36..33...
13..12..22..21..35..34..52...
15..27..24..40..37..57..54...
26..25..39..38..56..55..77...
28..44..41..61..58..82..79...
. . .
The start of the sequence as triangle array read by rows:
1;
5,4;
2,3,6;
10,9,14,13;
7,8,11,12,15;
19,18,23,22,27,26;
16,17,20,21,24,25,28;
. . .
The start of the sequence as array read by rows, the length of row r is 4*r-3.
First 2*r-2 numbers are from the row number 2*r-2 of triangle array, located above.
Last 2*r-1 numbers are from the row number 2*r-1 of triangle array, located above.
1;
5,4,2,3,6;
10,9,14,13,7,8,11,12,15;
19,18,23,22,27,26,16,17,20,21,24,25,28;
. . .
Row number r contains permutation 4*r-3 numbers from 2*r*r-5*r+4 to 2*r*r-r:
2*r*r-5*r+7, 2*r*r-5*r+6,...2*r*r-r-4, 2*r*r-r-3, 2*r*r-r.
MAPLE
T:=(n, k)->((k+n)^2-4*k+3+(-1)^k-2*(-1)^n-(k+n)*(-1)^(k+n))/2: seq(seq(T(k, n-k), k=1..n-1), n=1..13); # Muniru A Asiru, Dec 06 2018
MATHEMATICA
T[n_, k_] := ((n+k)^2 - 4k + 3 + (-1)^k - 2(-1)^n - (n+k)(-1)^(n+k))/2;
Table[T[n-k+1, k], {n, 1, 12}, {k, n, 1, -1}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Dec 06 2018 *)
PROG
(Python)
t=int((math.sqrt(8*n-7) - 1)/ 2)
i=n-t*(t+1)/2
j=(t*t+3*t+4)/2-n
result=((t+2)**2-4*j+3+(-1)**j-2*(-1)**i-(t+2)*(-1)**t)/2
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A074825 A225063 A309442 * A094778 A260849 A246746
KEYWORD
nonn,tabl
AUTHOR
Boris Putievskiy, Feb 15 2013
STATUS
approved

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Last modified May 25 09:23 EDT 2024. Contains 372786 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)