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A211377 T(n,k) = ((k + n)^2 - 4*k + 3 + (-1)^k - (k + n - 2)*(-1)^(k + n))/2; n, k > 0, read by antidiagonals. 8
1, 3, 4, 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 7, 10, 11, 14, 15, 17, 18, 21, 22, 25, 26, 16, 19, 20, 23, 24, 27, 28, 30, 31, 34, 35, 38, 39, 42, 43, 29, 32, 33, 36, 37, 40, 41, 44, 45, 47, 48, 51, 52, 55, 56, 59, 60, 63, 64, 46, 49, 50, 53, 54, 57, 58, 61, 62, 65, 66, 68 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,2
COMMENTS
Permutation of the natural numbers.
a(n) is a pairing function: a function that reversibly maps Z^{+} x Z^{+} onto Z^{+}, where Z^{+} is the set of integer positive numbers.
Enumeration table T(n,k). The order of the list:
T(1,1)=1;
T(1,3), T(1,2), T(2,1), T(2,2), T(3,1);
...
T(1,n), T(1,n-1), T(2,n-2), T(2,n-1), T(3,n-2), T(3,n-3)...T(n,1);
...
Descent by snake along two adjacent antidiagonal - step to the west, step to the southwest, step to the east, step to the southwest and so on. The length of each step is 1.
Table contains:
row 1 is alternation of elements A130883 and A033816,
row 2 accommodates elements A100037 in odd places;
column 1 is alternation of elements A000384 and A091823,
column 2 is alternation of elements A071355 and A014106,
column 3 accommodates elements A130861 in even places;
main diagonal accommodates elements A188135 in odd places,
diagonal 1, located above the main diagonal, is alternation of elements A033567 and A033566,
diagonal 2, located above the main diagonal, is alternation of elements A139271 and A033585.
LINKS
Boris Putievskiy, Transformations [of] Integer Sequences And Pairing Functions arXiv:1212.2732 [math.CO], 2012.
Eric W. Weisstein, MathWorld: Pairing functions
FORMULA
As a table:
T(n,k) = ((k + n)^2 - 4*k + 3 + (-1)^k - (k + n - 2)*(-1)^(k + n))/2.
As a linear sequence:
a(n) = ((t + 2)^2 - 4*j + 3 + (-1)^j - t*(-1)^t)/2, where j = (t*t + 3*t + 4)/2 - n and t = int((sqrt(8*n - 7) - 1)/ 2).
EXAMPLE
The start of the sequence as a table:
1, 3, 2, 8, 7, 17, 16, 30, 29, 47, 46, ...
4, 5, 9, 10, 18, 19, 31, 32, 48, 49, 69, ...
6, 12, 11, 21, 20, 34, 33, 51, 50, 72, 71, ...
13, 14, 22, 23, 35, 36, 52, 53, 73, 74, 98, ...
15, 25, 24, 38, 37, 55, 54, 76, 75, 101, 100, ...
26, 27, 39, 40, 56, 57, 77, 78, 102, 103, 131, ...
28, 42, 41, 59, 58, 80, 79, 105, 104, 134, 133, ...
43, 44, 60, 61, 81, 82, 106, 107, 135, 136, 168, ...
45, 63, 62, 84, 83, 109, 108, 138, 137, 171, 170, ...
64, 65, 85, 86, 110, 111, 139, 140, 172, 173, 209, ...
66, 88, 87, 113, 112, 142, 141, 175, 174, 212, 211, ...
...
The start of the sequence as triangle array read by rows:
1;
3, 4;
2, 5, 6;
8, 9, 12, 13;
7, 10, 11, 14, 15;
17, 18, 21, 22, 25, 26;
16, 19, 20, 23, 24, 27, 28;
30, 31, 34, 35, 38, 39, 42, 43;
29, 32, 33, 36, 37, 40, 41, 44, 45;
47, 48, 51, 52, 55, 56, 59, 60, 63, 64;
46, 49, 50, 53, 54, 57, 58, 61, 62, 65, 66;
...
The start of the sequence as an array read by rows, the length of row r is 4*r-3.
First 2*r-2 numbers are from row number 2*r-2 of the triangular array above.
Last 2*r-1 numbers are from row number 2*r-1 of the triangular array above.
1;
3, 4, 2, 5, 6;
8, 9, 12, 13, 7, 10, 11, 14, 15;
17, 18, 21, 22, 25, 26, 16, 19, 20, 23, 24, 27, 28;
30, 31, 34, 35, 38, 39, 42, 43, 29, 32, 33, 36, 37, 40, 41, 44, 45;
47, 48, 51, 52, 55, 56, 59, 60, 63, 64, 46, 49, 50, 53, 54, 57, 58, 61, 62, 65, 66;
...
Row number r contains permutation 4*r-3 numbers from 2*r*r-5*r+4 to 2*r*r-r:
2*r*r-5*r+5, 2*r*r-5*r+6,...2*r*r-r-4, 2*r*r-r-1, 2*r*r-r.
MATHEMATICA
T[n_, k_] := ((k+n)^2 - 4k + 3 + (-1)^k - (k+n-2)(-1)^(k+n))/2;
Table[T[n-k+1, k], {n, 1, 12}, {k, n, 1, -1}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Nov 29 2018 *)
PROG
(Python)
t=int((math.sqrt(8*n-7) - 1)/ 2)
i=n-t*(t+1)/2
j=(t*t+3*t+4)/2-n
result=((t+2)**2-4*j+3+(-1)**j-t*(-1)**(t+2))/2
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A201905 A138609 A322466 * A350218 A056699 A297969
KEYWORD
nonn,tabl
AUTHOR
Boris Putievskiy, Feb 07 2013
STATUS
approved

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Last modified June 17 12:36 EDT 2024. Contains 373445 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)