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A196504 Decimal expansion of the least x > 0 satisfying x + tan(x) = 0. 11
2, 0, 2, 8, 7, 5, 7, 8, 3, 8, 1, 1, 0, 4, 3, 4, 2, 2, 3, 5, 7, 6, 9, 7, 1, 1, 2, 4, 7, 3, 4, 7, 1, 4, 3, 7, 6, 1, 0, 8, 3, 8, 0, 0, 2, 8, 7, 5, 9, 3, 9, 4, 0, 8, 8, 8, 1, 7, 1, 6, 6, 0, 7, 4, 4, 4, 9, 8, 6, 6, 5, 0, 3, 1, 0, 4, 2, 7, 6, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 2, 2, 7, 9, 5, 1, 5, 0, 4, 2, 5, 6, 3, 0, 6, 3, 9 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Let L be the least x > 0 satisfying x + tan(x) = 0.

Then L is also the least x > 0 satisfying x = (sin(x))(sqrt(1+x^2)).

Consequently, for 0 < x < L, for all p > 0, 1/sqrt(1+x^2) - 1/x^p < sin(x) < 1/sqrt(1+x^2) for 0 < x < L.

See A196500-A196503 and A196505 for related constants and inequalities.

The number L also occurs in connection with Du Bois Reymond's constants; see the Finch reference.

For x = L the area of right triangle with vertices (0,0), (x,0) and (x,sin(x)), i.e., the one inscribed into the half-wave curve, is maximal. - Roman Witula, Feb 05 2015

REFERENCES

Steven R. Finch, Mathematical Constants, Cambridge University Press, 2003, page 239.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..101.

EXAMPLE

L = 2.02875783811043422357697112473471437610838002...

1/L = 0.4929124517549075741877801898222329769156970132...

MATHEMATICA

Plot[{Sin[x], x/Sqrt[1 + x^2]}, {x, 0, 9}]

t = x /.FindRoot[Sin[x] == x/Sqrt[1 + x^2], {x, .10, 3}, WorkingPrecision -> 100]

RealDigits[t]   (* A196504 *)

1/t

RealDigits[1/t] (* A196505 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A196505, A196500, A196502.

Sequence in context: A021497 A201735 A029593 * A182550 A004514 A278748

Adjacent sequences:  A196501 A196502 A196503 * A196505 A196506 A196507

KEYWORD

nonn,cons

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, Oct 03 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 7 15:24 EST 2021. Contains 349581 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)