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A171727 The number of twin prime pairs in the interval (p^2,p*q), where (p,q) runs over the twin prime pairs (A001359(n),A006512(n)). 3
1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 1, 3, 2, 2, 4, 7, 3, 3, 5, 7, 4, 4, 7, 6, 11, 9, 5, 11, 9, 9, 11, 10, 11, 9, 11, 11, 12, 11, 12, 18, 12, 12, 16, 11, 16, 20, 14, 16, 15, 20, 16, 22, 13, 22, 16, 17, 21, 20, 20, 23, 22, 23, 20, 21, 21, 26, 20, 28, 24, 24, 23, 24, 25, 21, 24, 37, 27, 21, 28, 24, 31 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,5

COMMENTS

If you graph the order of the twin primes along the x-axis (i.e., first twin, second, third, ...) and the number of twins in the sequence given above along the y-axis, a clear pattern emerges. As you go farther along the x-axis, the number of twin primes, on average, within the interval increases. The pattern appears to be nonlinear. If one could prove that there's at least one twin prime within each interval, the twin prime conjecture would be proved since the n-th twin produces larger intervals with more twin primes. The evidence seems overwhelming.

REFERENCES

C. C. Clawson, Mathematical Mysteries: The Beauty and Magic of Numbers, Perseus Books, 1999.

J. Derbyshire, Prime Obsession: Bernhard Riemann and the Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics, Penguin Books Canada Ltd., 2004.

M. du Sautoy, The Music of the Primes: Searching to Solve the Greatest Mystery in Mathematics, HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 2004.

LINKS

J. S. Cheema, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1044

EXAMPLE

The first twin prime pair (3,5) corresponds to the interval (9,15), which contains one twin prime pair (11,13), so a(1) = 1.

The fifth twin prime pair (29,31) corresponds to the interval (841,899), which contains the twin prime pairs (857,859) and (881,883), so a(5) = 2.

PROG

(PARI) {for(k=1, 300, if(prime(k+1)-prime(k)==2, my(c=0); forprime(m=prime(k)^2, prime(k)*prime(k+1), c+=isprime(m+2)); print1(c, ", ")))} \\ Zhandos Mambetaliyev, Mar 28 2021

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001359, A006512, A108570, A037074. - Charlie Neder, Feb 12 2019

Sequence in context: A212791 A175001 A205843 * A171942 A264799 A248503

Adjacent sequences:  A171724 A171725 A171726 * A171728 A171729 A171730

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Jaspal Singh Cheema, Dec 16 2009

EXTENSIONS

Partially edited by Michel Marcus, Mar 19 2013

Edited by Charlie Neder, Feb 12 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 2 21:30 EDT 2021. Contains 346429 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)