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A164333 Primes prime(k) such that all integers in the interval [(prime(k-1)+1)/2, (prime(k)-1)/2] are composite numbers. 15
13, 19, 31, 43, 53, 61, 71, 73, 101, 103, 109, 113, 131, 139, 151, 157, 173, 181, 191, 193, 199, 229, 233, 239, 241, 251, 269, 271, 283, 293, 311, 313, 349, 353, 373, 379, 409, 419, 421, 433, 439, 443, 463, 491, 499, 509, 523, 571, 577, 593, 599, 601, 607, 613, 619, 643 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,1
COMMENTS
Let p_k be the k-th prime. A prime p is in the sequence iff the interval of the form (2p_k, 2p_(k+1)), containing p, also contains a prime less than p. The sequence is connected with the following classification of primes: the first two primes 2,3 form a separate set of primes; let p >= 5 be in the interval (2p_k, 2p_(k+1)), then 1) if in this interval there are only primes greater than p, then p is called a right prime; 2) if in this interval there are only primes less than p, then p is called a left prime; 3) if in this interval there are primes both greater and less than p, then p is called a central prime; 4) if this interval does not contain other primes, then p is called an isolated prime. In particular, the right primes form sequence A166307, and all Ramanujan primes (A104272) greater than 2 are either right or central primes; the left primes form sequence A182365, and all Labos primes (A080359) greater than 3 are either left or central primes; the central primes form A166252 and the isolated primes form A166251. [Vladimir Shevelev, Oct 10 2009] [Sequence reference updated by Peter Munn, Jun 01 2023]
Disjoint union of A166252 and A182365. - Peter Munn, Jun 01 2023 [an edited version of a contribution by Vladimir Shevelev in 2009]
LINKS
V. Shevelev, On critical small intervals containing primes, arXiv:0908.2319 [math.NT], 2009.
J. Sondow, J. W. Nicholson, and T. D. Noe, Ramanujan Primes: Bounds, Runs, Twins, and Gaps, arXiv:1105.2249 [math.NT], 2011; J. Integer Seq. 14 (2011) Article 11.6.2.
FORMULA
{A080359} union {A164294} = {this sequence} union {2,3}. - Vladimir Shevelev, Oct 29 2011
A164368(2)<a(1) < A164368(3)<a(2) < A164368(4)<a(3)<... [Vladimir Shevelev, Oct 10 2009]
EXAMPLE
Let p=53. We see that 2*23<53<2*29. Since the interval (46, 58) contains prime 47<53 and does not contain any prime more than 53, then, by the considered classification 53 is left prime and it is in the sequence. [Vladimir Shevelev, Oct 10 2009]
MAPLE
isA164333 := proc(n)
local i ;
if isprime(n) and n > 3 then
for i from (prevprime(n)+1)/2 to (n-1)/2 do
if isprime(i) then
return false;
end if;
end do;
return true;
else
false;
end if;
end proc:
for i from 2 to 700 do
if isA164333(i) then
printf("%d, ", i);
end if;
end do: # R. J. Mathar, Oct 29 2011
MATHEMATICA
kmax = 200; Select[Table[{(Prime[k - 1] + 1)/2, (Prime[k] - 1)/2}, {k, 3, kmax}], AllTrue[Range[#[[1]], #[[2]]], CompositeQ]&][[All, 2]]*2 + 1 (* Jean-François Alcover, Nov 14 2017 *)
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A342943 A244311 A358530 * A182365 A069324 A040047
KEYWORD
nonn
AUTHOR
Vladimir Shevelev, Aug 13 2009
EXTENSIONS
Definition rephrased by R. J. Mathar, Oct 02 2009
STATUS
approved

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Last modified July 17 09:59 EDT 2024. Contains 374375 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)