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A130757 Triangular table of coefficients of Laguerre-Sonin polynomials n!*2^n*Lag(n,x/2,1/2) of order 1/2. 12
1, 3, -1, 15, -10, 1, 105, -105, 21, -1, 945, -1260, 378, -36, 1, 10395, -17325, 6930, -990, 55, -1, 135135, -270270, 135135, -25740, 2145, -78, 1, 2027025, -4729725, 2837835, -675675, 75075, -4095, 105, -1, 34459425, -91891800, 64324260, -18378360, 2552550, -185640, 7140, -136 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

These polynomials appear in the radial l=0 (s) wave functions of the isotropic three dimensional harmonic quantum oscillator with the dimensionless variable x=(r/L)^2 with r>=0 and L^2=h/(m*f0). h is Planck's constant and m and f0 are the mass and the frequency of the oscillator.

From Tom Copeland, Dec 13 2015: (Start)

See A099174 for relations to the Hermite polynomials and the link in A176230 for operator relations. The infinitesimal generator for this matrix contains A014105.

The row polynomials are P(n,x) = 2^n n! Lag(n,x/2,1/2), where Lag(n,x,q) is the associated Laguerre polynomial of order q, with raising operator R = -x^(-2) [x^(3/2) (1 - 2D)]^2 = 3 - x + (4x - 6) D - 4x D^2 with D = d/dx, i.e., R P(n,x) - P(n+1,x). A matrix reresentation of R acting on an o.g.f. (formal power series) is given by the transpose of the production matrix below. The diagonal corresponds to (3 + 4 xD) x^n = (3 + 4n) x^n; the upper diagonal, to -x x^n = -x^(n+1); and the lower diagonal, to (-6 - 4 xD) D x^n = -n (6 + 4(n-1)) x^(n-1), the sequence A002943. See A176230 for a similar relation.

The triangles of Bessel numbers entries A122848, A049403, A096713, A104556 contain these polynomials as even or odd rows. Also the aerated version A099174 and A066325. Reversed, these entries are A100861, A144299, A111924.

(End)

Exponential Riordan array [1/(1-2x)^(3/2), -x/(1-2x)]. - Paul Barry, Mar 07 2017

LINKS

Robert Israel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10010 (rows 0 to 140, flattened)

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972 [alternative scanned copy].

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972, p. 775, 22.3.9.

T. Copeland, Juggling Zeros in the Matrix: Example II, 2020.

Wolfdieter Lang, First ten rows and more.

FORMULA

a(n,m)= n!*(2^(n-m))*L(1/2,n,m) with L(1/2,n,m)=((-1)^m)*binomial(n+1/2,n-m)/m!, n>=m>=0, else 0.

Let IP be the lower triangular matrix with its first subdiagonal equal to the first subdiagonal (cf. A014105) of this entry's unsigned matrix M and with all other elements equal to zero. Then IP is the infinitesimal generator of M, i.e., M = exp(IP). - Tom Copeland, Dec 12 2015

Production matrix is

3, -1,

-6, 7, -1,

0, -20, 11, -1,

0, 0, -42, 15, -1,

0, 0, 0, -72, 19, -1,

0, 0, 0, 0, -110, 23, -1,

0, 0, 0, 0, 0, -156, 27, -1,

0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, -210, 31, -1,

0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, -272, 35, -1. - Tom Copeland, Dec 14 2015

EXAMPLE

[1]; [3,-1]; [15,-10,1]; [105,-105,21,-1]; [945,-1260,378,-36,1]; ...

MAPLE

seq(seq(n!*2^(n-m)*(-1)^m*binomial(n+1/2, n-m)/m!, m=0..n), n=0..10); # Robert Israel, Dec 25 2015

MATHEMATICA

Table[n! (2^(n - m)) ((-1)^m) Binomial[n + 1/2, n - m]/m!, {n, 0, 8}, {m, 0, n}] // Flatten (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 24 2015 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A021009 (Coefficient table of n!*L(n, 0, x)).

Row sums (signed) give A131441. Row sums (unsigned) give A066224.

Cf. A001147, A002943, A014105, A049403, A066325, A096713, A099174, A100861, A104556, A111924, A122848, A144299, A176230.

Sequence in context: A147453 A147020 A134685 * A181996 A014621 A144006

Adjacent sequences:  A130754 A130755 A130756 * A130758 A130759 A130760

KEYWORD

sign,tabl,easy

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang, Jul 13 2007

EXTENSIONS

Title formula corrected by Tom Copeland, Dec 12 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 22 07:26 EDT 2021. Contains 343163 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)