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 A103711 Decimal expansion of the ratio of the length of the latus rectum arc of any parabola to its latus rectum: (sqrt(2) + log(1 + sqrt(2)))/2. 5
 1, 1, 4, 7, 7, 9, 3, 5, 7, 4, 6, 9, 6, 3, 1, 9, 0, 3, 7, 0, 1, 7, 1, 4, 9, 0, 2, 4, 5, 9, 4, 7, 4, 5, 1, 9, 3, 7, 9, 8, 9, 1, 6, 1, 0, 1, 8, 1, 9, 2, 9, 1, 7, 4, 1, 9, 6, 4, 9, 8, 7, 6, 7, 3, 3, 2, 2, 0, 5, 4, 8, 3, 1, 3, 4, 2, 0, 6, 6, 5, 6, 3, 3, 4, 2, 0, 4, 7, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 8, 9, 4, 8, 8, 0, 7, 7, 9, 5, 8, 7 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS Just as all circles are similar, all parabolas are similar. Just as the ratio of a semicircle to its diameter is always Pi/2, the ratio of the length of the latus rectum arc of any parabola to its latus rectum is (sqrt(2) + log(1 + sqrt(2)))/2. Let c = this constant and a = e - exp((c+Pi)/2 - log(Pi)), then a = .0000999540234051652627... and c - 10*(-log(exp(a) - a - 1) - 19) = .000650078964115564700067717... - Gerald McGarvey, Feb 21 2005 Half the universal parabolic constant A103710 (the ratio of the length of the latus rectum arc of any parabola to its focal parameter). Like Pi, it is transcendental. Is it a coincidence that this constant is equal to 3 times the expected distance A103712 from a randomly selected point in the unit square to its center? (Reese, 2004; Finch, 2012) REFERENCES H. Dörrie, 100 Great Problems of Elementary Mathematics, Dover, 1965, Problems 57 and 58. C. E. Love, Differential and Integral Calculus, 4th ed., Macmillan, 1950, pp. 286-288. C. S. Ogilvy, Excursions in Geometry, Oxford Univ. Press, 1969, p. 84. S. Reese, A universal parabolic constant, 2004, preprint. LINKS Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 J. L. Diaz-Barrero and W. Seaman, A limit computed by integration, Problem 810 and Solution, College Math. J., 37 (2006), 316-318, equation (5). S. R. Finch, Mathematical Constants, Errata and Addenda, 2012, section 8.1. Steven R. Finch, Errata and Addenda to Mathematical Constants, Jan 22 2016. [Cached copy, with permission of the author] M. Hajja, Review Zbl 1291.51018, zbMATH 2015. M. Hajja, Review Zbl 1291.51016, zbMATH 2015. H. Khelif, L’arbelos, Partie II, Généralisations de l’arbelos, Images des Mathématiques, CNRS, 2014. J. Pahikkala, Arc Length Of Parabola, PlanetMath. S. Reese, J. Sondow, Universal Parabolic Constant, MathWorld J. Sondow, The parbelos, a parabolic analog of the arbelos, arXiv 2012, Amer. Math. Monthly, 120 (2013), 929-935. E. Tsukerman, Solution of Sondow's problem: a synthetic proof of the tangency property of the parbelos, arXiv 2012, Amer. Math. Monthly, 121 (2014), 438-443. Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Universal Parabolic Constant Wikipedia, Universal parabolic constant FORMULA Equals Integral_{x = 0..1} sqrt(1 + x^2) dx. - Peter Bala, Feb 28 2019 EXAMPLE 1.14779357469631903701714902459474519379891610181929174196498767332... MATHEMATICA RealDigits[(Sqrt[2] + Log[1 + Sqrt[2]])/2, 10, 111][[1]] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Feb 14 2005 *) N[Integrate[Sqrt[1 + x^2], {x, 0, 1}], 120] (* Clark Kimberling, Jan 06 2014 *) CROSSREFS Equal to (A103710)/2 = (A002193 + A091648)/2 = 3*(A103712). Cf. A103711, A222362, A232716, A232717. Sequence in context: A011222 A157298 A070326 * A199435 A257898 A159919 Adjacent sequences:  A103708 A103709 A103710 * A103712 A103713 A103714 KEYWORD cons,easy,nonn AUTHOR Sylvester Reese and Jonathan Sondow, Feb 13 2005 STATUS approved

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