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A091648 Decimal expansion of arccosh(sqrt(2)), the inflection point of sech(x). 16
8, 8, 1, 3, 7, 3, 5, 8, 7, 0, 1, 9, 5, 4, 3, 0, 2, 5, 2, 3, 2, 6, 0, 9, 3, 2, 4, 9, 7, 9, 7, 9, 2, 3, 0, 9, 0, 2, 8, 1, 6, 0, 3, 2, 8, 2, 6, 1, 6, 3, 5, 4, 1, 0, 7, 5, 3, 2, 9, 5, 6, 0, 8, 6, 5, 3, 3, 7, 7, 1, 8, 4, 2, 2, 2, 0, 2, 6, 0, 8, 7, 8, 3, 3, 7, 0, 6, 8, 9, 1, 9, 1, 0, 2, 5, 6, 0, 4, 2, 8, 5, 6 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

Asymptotic growth constant in the exponent for the number of spanning trees on the 2 X infinity strip on the square lattice. - R. J. Mathar, May 14 2006

Arccosh(sqrt(2)) = (1/2)*log((sqrt(2)+1)/(sqrt(2)-1)) = log(tan(3*Pi/8)) = int(1/cos(x),x=0..Pi/4). Therefore, in Gerardus Mercator's (conformal) map this is the value of the ordinate y/R (R radius of the spherical earth) for latitude phi = 45 degrees north, or Pi/4. See, e.g., the Eli Maor reference, eqs. (5) and (6). This is the latitude of, e.g., the Mission Point Lighthouse, Michigan, U.S.A. - Wolfdieter Lang, Mar 05 2013

REFERENCES

L. B. W. Jolley, Summation of Series, Dover (1961), Eq. (85) page 16-17.

E. Maor, Trigonometric Delights, Princeton University Press, NJ, 1998, chapter 13, A Mapmaker's Paradise, pp. 163-180.

LINKS

Ivan Panchenko, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

D. H. Lehmer, Interesting Series Involving the Central Binomial Coefficient, Am. Math. Monthly 92 (1985) 449.

R. Shrock and F. Y. Wu, Spanning trees on graphs and lattices in d dimensions, J Phys A: Math Gen 33 (2000) 3881-3902

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Hyperbolic Secant

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Universal Parabolic Constant

FORMULA

Equals log(1 + sqrt(2)). - Jonathan Sondow, Mar 15 2005

Equals (1/2)*log(3+2*sqrt(2)). - R. J. Mathar, May 14 2006

Equals sum({n>=1, n odd} binomial(2*n,n)/(n*4^n) [see Lehmer link]. - R. J. Mathar, Mar 04 2009

Equals arcsinh(1), since arcsinh(x) = log(x+sqrt(x^2+1)). - Stanislav Sykora, Nov 01 2013

Equals asin(i)/i. - L. Edson Jeffery, Oct 19 2014

Equals (Pi/4) * 3F2(1/4, 1/2, 3/4; 1, 3/2; 1). - Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Apr 23 2015

EXAMPLE

0.8813735870195430252326093249797923090281603282616...

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[Log[1 + Sqrt[2]], 10, 100][[1]] (* Alonso del Arte, Aug 11 2011 *)

PROG

(Maxima) fpprec : 100$ ev(bfloat(log(1 + sqrt(2)))); \\ Martin Ettl, Oct 17 2012

(PARI) asinh(1) \\ Michel Marcus, Oct 19 2014

CROSSREFS

Cf. A103710, A103711, A103712, A181048.

Sequence in context: A176155 A174127 A230153 * A135707 A021923 A065465

Adjacent sequences:  A091645 A091646 A091647 * A091649 A091650 A091651

KEYWORD

nonn,cons,easy

AUTHOR

Eric W. Weisstein, Jan 24 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 23 07:01 EDT 2017. Contains 286909 sequences.