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A080995 Characteristic function of generalized pentagonal numbers A001318. 39
1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,1
COMMENTS
Ramanujan theta functions: f(q) (see A121373), phi(q) (A000122), psi(q) (A010054), chi(q) (A000700).
Repeatedly [1,[0,]^2k,1,[0,]^k], k>=0; characteristic function of generalized pentagonal numbers: a(A001318(n))=1, a(A090864(n))=0. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 22 2006
Starting with offset 1 with 1's signed (++--++,...), i.e., (1, 1, 0, 0, -1, 0, -1, 0, ...); is the INVERTi transform of A000041 starting (1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, ...). - Gary W. Adamson, May 17 2013
Number 9 of the 14 primitive eta-products which are holomorphic modular forms of weight 1/2 listed by D. Zagier on page 30 of "The 1-2-3 of Modular Forms". - Michael Somos, May 04 2016
REFERENCES
Percy A. MacMahon, Combinatory Analysis, Cambridge Univ. Press, London and New York, Vol. 1, 1915 and Vol. 2, 1916; see vol. 2, p. 81, Article 331.
LINKS
Seiichi Manyama, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000 (terms 0..1001 from T. D. Noe)
S. Cooper and M. D. Hirschhorn, Results of Hurwitz type for three squares. Discrete Math. 274 (2004), no. 1-3, 9-24. See P(q).
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Jacobi Theta Functions.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Ramanujan Theta Functions.
Don Zagier, Elliptic modular forms and their applications, in "The 1-2-3 of modular forms", Springer-Verlag, 2008.
FORMULA
Expansion of phi(-x^3) / chi(-x) in powers of x where phi(), chi() are Ramanujan theta functions. - Michael Somos, Sep 14 2007
Expansion of psi(x) - x * psi(x^9) in powers of x^3 where psi() is a Ramanujan theta function. - Michael Somos, Sep 14 2007
Expansion of f(x, x^2) in powers of x where f() is Ramanujan's two-variable theta function.
Expansion of q^(-1/24) * eta(q^2) * eta(q^3)^2 / (eta(q) * eta(q^6)) in powers of q.
a(n) = b(24*n + 1) where b() is multiplicative with b(2^e) = b(3^e) = 0^e, b(p^e) = (1 + (-1)^e) / 2 if p>3. - Michael Somos, Jun 06 2005
Euler transform of period 6 sequence [ 1, 0, -1, 0, 1, -1, ...].
G.f. is a period 1 Fourier series which satisfies f(-1 / (144 t)) = 2^(1/2) (t/i)^(1/2) g(t) where q = exp(2 Pi i t) and g() is the g.f. for A089810.
G.f.: Product_{k>0} (1 - x^(3*k)) / (1 - x^k + x^(2*k)). - Michael Somos, Jan 26 2008
G.f.: Sum x^(n*(3n+1)/2), n=-inf..inf [the exponents are the pentagonal numbers, A000326].
a(n) = |A010815(n)| = A089806(2*n) = A033683(24*n + 1).
For n > 0, a(n) = b(n) - b(n-1) + c(n) - c(n-1), where b(n) = floor(sqrt(2n/3+1/36)+1/6) (= A180447(n)) and c(n) = floor(sqrt(2n/3+1/36)-1/6) (= A085141(n)). - Mikael Aaltonen, Mar 08 2015
a(n) = (-1)^n * A133985(n). - Michael Somos, Jul 12 2015
a(n) = A000009(n) (mod 2). - John M. Campbell, Jun 29 2016
Sum_{k=1..n} a(k) ~ c * sqrt(n), where c = 2*sqrt(2/3) = 1.632993... . - Amiram Eldar, Jan 13 2024
EXAMPLE
G.f. = 1 + x + x^2 + x^5 + x^7 + x^12 + x^15 + x^22 + x^26 + x^35 + x^40 + x^51 + ...
G.f. = q + q^25 + q^49 + q^121 + q^169 + q^289 + q^361 + q^529 + q^625 + ...
MATHEMATICA
a[ n_] := If[ n < 0, 0, SeriesCoefficient[ (Series[ EllipticTheta[ 3, Log[y] / (2 I), x^(3/2)], {x, 0, n + Floor@Sqrt[n]}] // Normal // TrigToExp) /. {y -> x^(1/2)}, {x, 0, n}]]; (* Michael Somos, Nov 18 2011 *)
a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ EllipticTheta[ 4, 0, x^3] / QPochhammer[ x, x^2], {x, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, Jun 08 2013 *)
a[ n_] := If[ n < 0, 0, Boole[ IntegerQ[ Sqrt[ 24 n + 1]]]]; (* Michael Somos, Jun 08 2013 *)
PROG
(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<0, 0, abs( polcoeff( eta(x + x * O(x^n)), n)))};
(PARI) {a(n) = issquare( 24*n + 1)}; /* Michael Somos, Apr 13 2005 */
(PARI) {a(n) = my(A); if( n<0, 0, A = x * O(x^n); polcoeff( eta(x^2 + A) * eta(x^3 + A)^2 / (eta(x + A) * eta(x^6 + A)), n))};
(Haskell)
a080995 = a033683 . (+ 1) . (* 24) -- Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 14 2015
CROSSREFS
Cf. A001318 (support), A010815 (absolute values), A033683, A089806.
Sequence in context: A010815 A206958 A206959 * A121373 A199918 A229894
KEYWORD
nonn,easy
AUTHOR
Michael Somos, Feb 27 2003
EXTENSIONS
Minor edits by N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 03 2012
STATUS
approved

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Last modified March 3 21:06 EST 2024. Contains 370517 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)