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A078361 Minimal positive solution a(n) of Pell equation a(n)^2 - D(n)*b(n)^2 = +4 or -4 with D(n)=A077425(n). The companion sequence is b(n)=A077058(n). 1
1, 3, 8, 5, 5, 46, 12, 64, 7, 7, 302, 39, 16, 25, 2136, 9, 9, 1000, 29, 11208, 20, 82, 261, 1552, 11, 11, 33710, 173, 3488, 190, 24, 61, 4354, 213, 23550, 13, 13, 124846, 1305, 136, 110, 3528264, 28, 1030190, 43, 93102, 73, 7688126, 15, 15, 46312, 77 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Computed from Perron's table (see reference p. 108, for n = 1..28) which gives the minimal x,y values for the Diophantine eq. x^2 - x*y - ((D(n)-1)/4)*y^2= +1, resp., -1 if D(n)=A077425(n), resp, D(n)=A077425(n) and D(n) also in A077426 (this second case excludes in Perron's table the D values with a 'Teilnenner' in brackets).

The conversion from the x,y values of Perron's table to the minimal a=a(n) and b=b(n) solutions is a(n)=2*x(n)-y(n) and b(n)=y(n). If D(n)=A077425(n) is not in A077426 then the equation with -4 has no solution and a(n) and b(n) are the minimal solutions of the a(n)^2 - D(n)*b(n)^2 = +4 equation. If D(n)=A077425(n) is in A077426 then the a(n) and b(n) values are the minimal solution of the a(n)^2 - D(n)*b(n)^2 = -4 equation. In this case a(+,n)= a(n)^2+2 and b(+,n)=a(n)*b(n) are the minimal solution of a^2 - D(n)*b^2 = +4.

For Pell equation a^2 - D*b^2 = +4, see A077428 and A078355. For Pell equation a^2 - D*b^2 = -4, see A078356 and A078357.

REFERENCES

O. Perron, "Die Lehre von den Kettenbruechen, Bd.I", Teubner, 1954, 1957 (Sec. 30, Satz 3.35, p. 109 and table p. 108).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..52.

EXAMPLE

29=D(5)=A077425(5) is A077426(4), hence a(5)=5 and b(5)=A077058(5)=1 solve a^2 - 29*b^2=-4 minimally and a(+,5)=a(5)^2+2=27 with b(+,5)=a(5)*b(5)=5*1=5 solve a^2 - 29*b^2=+4 minimally. See also A077428 with companion A078355.

21=D(4)=A077425(4) is not in A077426, hence a(4)=5 and b(4)=A077058(4)=1 give the solution with minimal positive b of a^2 - 21*b^2=+4.

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A166494 A140392 A140385 * A193014 A155676 A200243

Adjacent sequences:  A078358 A078359 A078360 * A078362 A078363 A078364

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang, Nov 29 2002

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Matthew Conroy, Apr 20 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 19 08:44 EST 2019. Contains 329318 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)