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A064216 Replace each p^e with prevprime(p)^e in the prime factorization of odd numbers; inverse of sequence A048673 considered as a permutation of the natural numbers. 105
1, 2, 3, 5, 4, 7, 11, 6, 13, 17, 10, 19, 9, 8, 23, 29, 14, 15, 31, 22, 37, 41, 12, 43, 25, 26, 47, 21, 34, 53, 59, 20, 33, 61, 38, 67, 71, 18, 35, 73, 16, 79, 39, 46, 83, 55, 58, 51, 89, 28, 97, 101, 30, 103, 107, 62, 109, 57, 44, 65, 49, 74, 27, 113, 82, 127, 85, 24, 131 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

a(A003961(n) + 1) / 2) = n and A003961(a(n)) = 2*n + 1 for all n. At odd numbers a is multiplicative: a(2x - 1) * a(2y - 1) = a(((2x - 1) * (2y - 1) + 1) / 2) for x, y > 0. - Reinhard Zumkeller

Not multiplicative in usual sense - but letting m=2n-1=product_j (p_j)^(e_j) then a(n)=a((m+1)/2)=product_j (p_(j-1))^(e_j). - Henry Bottomley, Apr 15 2005

From Antti Karttunen, Jul 25 2016: (Start)

Several permutations that use prime shift operation A064989 in their definition yield a permutation obtained from their odd bisection when composed with this permutation from the right. For example, we have:

A243505(n) = A122111(a(n)).

A243065(n) = A241909(a(n)).

A244153(n) = A156552(a(n)).

A245611(n) = A243071(a(n)).

(End)

LINKS

Carl R. White, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Index entries for sequences that are permutations of the natural numbers

FORMULA

a(n) = A064989(2n - 1). - Antti Karttunen, May 12 2014

EXAMPLE

For n=11, the 11th odd number is 2*11 - 1 = 21 = 3^1 * 7^1. Replacing the primes 3 and 7 with the previous primes 2 and 5 gives 2^1 * 5^1 = 10, so a(11) = 10. - Michael B. Porter, Jul 25 2016

MATHEMATICA

Table[Times @@ Power[If[# == 1, 1, NextPrime[#, -1]] & /@ First@ #, Last@ #] &@ Transpose@ FactorInteger[2 n - 1], {n, 69}] (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 18 2014, revised Mar 17 2016 *)

PROG

(Scheme) (define (A064216 n) (A064989 (- (+ n n) 1))) ;; Antti Karttunen, May 12 2014

(PARI) a(n) = {my(f = factor(2*n-1)); for (k=1, #f~, f[k, 1] = precprime(f[k, 1]-1)); factorback(f); } \\ Michel Marcus, Mar 17 2016

(Python)

from sympy import factorint, prevprime

from operator import mul

def a(n):

    f=factorint(2*n - 1)

    return 1 if n==1 else reduce(mul, [prevprime(i)**f[i] for i in f]) # Indranil Ghosh, May 13 2017

CROSSREFS

Odd bisection of A064989 and A252463.

Row 1 of A251721, Row 2 of A249821.

Cf. A048673 (inverse permutation), A048674 (fixed points).

Cf. A246361 (numbers n such that a(n) <= n.)

Cf. A246362 (numbers n such that a(n) > n.)

Cf. A246371 (numbers n such that a(n) < n.)

Cf. A246372 (numbers n such that a(n) >= n.)

Cf. A246373 (primes p such that a(p) >= p.)

Cf. A246374 (primes p such that a(p) < p.)

Cf. A246343 (iterates starting from n=12.)

Cf. A246345 (iterates starting from n=16.)

Cf. A245448 (this permutation "squared", a(a(n)).)

Cf. A253894, A254044, A254045 (binary width, weight and the number of nonleading zeros in base-2 representation of a(n), respectively).

Here obviously the variant 2, A151799(n) = A007917(n-1), of the prevprime function is used.

Cf. also A003961, A270430, A270431.

Cf. also permutations A122111, A156552, A241909, A243071, A243065, A243505, A244153, A245611, A254116.

Sequence in context: A250472 A291588 A064620 * A075300 A329821 A259153

Adjacent sequences:  A064213 A064214 A064215 * A064217 A064218 A064219

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Howard A. Landman, Sep 21 2001

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Reinhard Zumkeller, Sep 26 2001

Additional description added by Antti Karttunen, May 12 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 15 03:48 EST 2019. Contains 329990 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)