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A064094 Triangle composed of generalized Catalan numbers. 23
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 5, 3, 1, 1, 1, 14, 13, 4, 1, 1, 1, 42, 67, 25, 5, 1, 1, 1, 132, 381, 190, 41, 6, 1, 1, 1, 429, 2307, 1606, 413, 61, 7, 1, 1, 1, 1430, 14589, 14506, 4641, 766, 85, 8, 1, 1, 1, 4862, 95235 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,8

COMMENTS

The column m sequence (without leading zeros and the first 1) appears in the Derrida et al. 1992 reference as Z_{N}=Y_{N}(N+1), N >=0, for alpha = m, beta = 1 (or alpha = 1, beta = m). In the Derrida et al. 1993 reference the formula in eq. (39) gives Z_{N}(alpha,beta)/(alpha*beta)^N for N>=1.

The column sequences (without leading zeros) are: A000012, A000108, A064062-3, A064087-93 for m=0..10, respectively. Row sums give A064095.

REFERENCES

B. Derrida, E. Domany and D. Mukamel, An exact solution of a one-dimensional asymmetric exclusion model with open boundaries, J. Stat. Phys. 69, 1992, 667-687; eqs. (20), (21), p. 672.

B. Derrida, M. R. Evans, V. Hakim and V. Pasquier, Exact solution of a 1D asymmetric exclusion model using a matrix formulation, J. Phys. A 26, 1993, 1493-1517; eq. (39), p. 1501, also appendix A1, (A12) p. 1513.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..57.

FORMULA

G.f. for column m: (x^m)/(1-x*c(m*x))= (x^m)*((m-1)+m*x*c(m*x))/(m-1+x) with the g.f. c(x) of Catalan numbers A000108.

a(n, m)= sum((n-m-k)*binomial(n-m-1+k, k)*(m^k)/(n-m), k=0..n-m-1) = ((1/(1-m))^(n-m)*(1-m*sum(C(k)*(m*(1-m))^k, k=0..n-m-1)), n-m >= 1; a(n, n)=1; a(n, m)=0 if n<m; with C(k)=A000108(k) (Catalan).

MATHEMATICA

a[n_, 0] = 1; a[n_, 1] := CatalanNumber[n - 1]; a[n_, n_] = 1; a[n_, m_] := (1/(1 - m))^(n - m)*(1 - m*Sum[ CatalanNumber[k]*(m*(1 - m))^k, {k, 0, n - m - 1}]); Table[ a[n, m], {n, 0, 10}, {m, 0, n}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Jul 05 2013 *)

CROSSREFS

Diagonals : A000012, A000012, A000027, A001844, A064096, A064302, A064303, A064304, A064305.

Sequence in context: A069739 A066060 A008550 * A090182 A256384 A111673

Adjacent sequences:  A064091 A064092 A064093 * A064095 A064096 A064097

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,tabl

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang, Sep 13 2001

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 16 16:57 EDT 2018. Contains 316271 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)