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A024362 Number of primitive Pythagorean triangles with hypotenuse n. 14
0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,65

COMMENTS

Consider primitive Pythagorean triangles (A^2 + B^2 = C^2, (A, B) = 1, A <= B); sequence gives number of times C takes value n.

a(A137409(n)) = 0; a(A008846(n)) > 0; a(A120960(n)) = 1; a(A024409(n)) > 1; a(A159781(n)) = 4. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 02 2012

If the formula given below is used one is sure to find all a(n) values for hypotenuses n <= N if the summation indices r and s are cut off at rmax(N) = floor((sqrt(N-4)+1)/2) and smax(N) = floor(sqrt(N-1)/2). a(n) is the number of primitive Pythagorean triples with hypotenuse n modulo catheti exchange. - Wolfdieter Lang, Jan 10 2016

REFERENCES

A. H. Beiler, Recreations in the Theory of Numbers. New York: Dover, pp. 116-117, 1966.

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Ron Knott, Pythagorean Triples and Online Calculators

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pythagorean Triple

FORMULA

a(n) = [q^n] T(q), n >= 1, where T(q) = Sum_{r>=1,s>=1} rpr(2*r-1, 2*s)*q^c(r,s), with rpr(k,l) = 1 if gcd(k,l) = 1, otherwise 0, and c(r,s) = (2*r-1)^2 + (2s)^2. - Wolfdieter Lang, Jan 10 2016

If all prime factors of n are in A002144 then a(n) = 2^(A001221(n)-1), otherwise a(n) = 0. - Robert Israel, Jan 11 2016

MAPLE

f:= proc(n) local F;

   F:= numtheory:-factorset(n);

   if map(t -> t mod 4, F) <> {1} then return 0 fi;

   2^(nops(F)-1)

end proc:

seq(f(n), n=1..100); # Robert Israel, Jan 11 2016

MATHEMATICA

Table[a0=IntegerExponent[n, 2]; If[n==1 || a0>0, cnt=0, m=n/2^a0; p=Transpose[FactorInteger[m]][[1]]; c=Count[p, _?(Mod[#, 4]==1 &)]; If[c==Length[p], cnt=2^(c-1), 0]]; cnt, {n, 100}]

a[n_] := If[n==1||EvenQ[n]||Length[Select[FactorInteger[n], Mod[#[[1]], 4]==3 &]] >0, 0, 2^(Length[FactorInteger[n]]-1)]; Array[a, 100] (* Frank M Jackson, Jan 28 2018 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a024362 n = sum [a010052 y | x <- takeWhile (< nn) $ tail a000290_list,

                             let y = nn - x, y <= x, gcd x y == 1]

            where nn = n ^ 2

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 02 2012

(PARI) a(n)={my(m=0, k=n, n2=n*n, k2, l2);

while(1, k=k-1; k2=k*k; l2=n2-k2; if(l2>k2, break); if(issquare(l2), if(gcd(n, k)==1, m++)));  return(m); } \\ Stanislav Sykora, Mar 23 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A020882, A024361, A046079, A046080.

Cf. A000290, A010052.

Cf. A001221, A002144.

Sequence in context: A028613 A318381 A245515 * A104488 A244413 A318655

Adjacent sequences:  A024359 A024360 A024361 * A024363 A024364 A024365

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

David W. Wilson

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 16 17:02 EST 2018. Contains 318172 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)