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A339640 a(n) = (A062772(n) + A054270(n)) / 2 - A001248(n). 0
0, 0, 1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 2, 3, 5, -1, 1, 0, 5, 1, 2, -1, 2, -1, 4, -1, -3, 2, 2, -1, 1, 1, 8, -4, 3, 4, 2, -4, 5, 10, -4, -4, -2, -1, 8, -1, -1, 5, -1, 3, -7, 4, 4, 1, 2, 1, 4, 5, 8, 8, 8, -1, 2, -4, -2, 3, 1, -8, -4, 1, -1, -4, 10, -2, 15, 8, 10, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,8

COMMENTS

Conjecture: The partial sums of this sequence are greater than or equal to zero. This means that the squares of the prime numbers are smaller than the average of the previous and the next prime number most of the time.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..73.

FORMULA

a(n) = (nextprime(prime(n)^2) + precprime(prime(n)^2)) / 2 - prime(n)^2.

EXAMPLE

For n = 10 prime(10)^2 = 29^2 = 841. The previous prime of 841 is 839 and the next 853. The average of 839 and 853 is (839 + 853)/2 = 846. So a(10) = 846 - 841 = 5.

MATHEMATICA

Array[(Total@ NextPrime[#, {-1, 1}])/2 - # &[Prime[#]^2] &, 73] (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 11 2020 *)

PROG

(PARI) forprime(n = 2, 370, print1((nextprime(n^2) + precprime(n^2)) / 2 - n^2", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A001248, A054270, A062772, A123993.

Sequence in context: A031067 A300392 A335706 * A031027 A134730 A126046

Adjacent sequences:  A339637 A339638 A339639 * A339641 A339642 A339643

KEYWORD

sign

AUTHOR

Dimitris Valianatos, Dec 11 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 17 23:00 EST 2021. Contains 340247 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)