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 A308028 Number of ways to write 2*n+1 as p + q + r with 2*p + 4*q + 6*r a square, where p,q,r are odd primes. 1
 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 2, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 2, 5, 2, 4, 6, 4, 3, 3, 6, 7, 4, 4, 5, 2, 5, 7, 5, 8, 3, 7, 7, 6, 6, 10, 6, 12, 8, 7, 8, 12, 7, 9, 14, 9, 6, 8, 10, 7, 10, 13, 9, 12, 11, 12, 16, 12, 12, 13, 10, 13, 14, 13, 12, 14, 13, 13, 16, 12, 13, 20, 16, 11, 12, 13, 12, 19, 18, 12, 17, 21, 12, 19, 17, 11, 19, 17, 18, 18, 20, 12, 23, 17, 13, 18, 18, 14 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,7 COMMENTS 2-4-6 Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n > 6. In other words, any odd integer greater than 14 can be written as the sum of three odd primes p,q,r for which 2*p + 4*q + 6*r is an integer square. This is stronger than the solved weak Goldbach conjecture (A068307), and it is motivated by the author's 1-3-5 conjecture in A271518. We have verified a(n) > 0 for all n = 7..3*10^5. LINKS Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..2000 Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167-190. Zhi-Wei Sun, Write 2n+1 > 14 as p+q+r with p,q,r odd primes and 2p+4q+6r a square, Question 331170 on MathOverflow, May 10, 2019. EXAMPLE a(8) = 1 with 2*8+1 = 17 = 7 + 5 + 5 and 2*7 + 4*5 + 6*5 = 8^2. a(9) = 1 with 2*9+1 = 19 = 11 + 3 + 5 and 2*11 + 4*3 + 6*5 = 8^2. a(13) = 1 with 2*13+1 = 7 + 17 + 3 and 2*7 + 4*17 + 6*3 = 10^2. MATHEMATICA SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]; p[n_]:=p[n]=Prime[n]; tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[PrimeQ[2n+1-p[i]-p[j]]&&SQ[2p[i]+4p[j]+6(2n+1-p[i]-p[j])], r=r+1], {i, 2, PrimePi[2n]}, {j, 2, PrimePi[2n-p[i]]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 1, 100}]; Print[tab] CROSSREFS Cf. A000040, A068307, A271518. Sequence in context: A284834 A279677 A262180 * A320902 A189913 A240807 Adjacent sequences:  A308025 A308026 A308027 * A308029 A308030 A308031 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Zhi-Wei Sun, May 09 2019 STATUS approved

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Last modified June 21 12:39 EDT 2021. Contains 345364 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)