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A280623 E.g.f. C(x) + S(x), where C(x)^2 - S(x)^2 = 1 and D(x)^3 - S(x)^3 = 1, and functions S(x), C(x), and D(x) are described by A280620, A280621, and A280622, respectively. 4
1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 21, 101, 581, 3605, 29141, 239701, 2205861, 22832005, 246573061, 2990463301, 38108222341, 518783617205, 7633121129781, 116869543894901, 1918479435194021, 33025793008567205, 595507639576003301, 11356021765206934501, 224730968057626784901, 4667903267042610866005, 101036430792914926153621, 2269220040134583532958101 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..26.

FORMULA

E.g.f. C(x) + S(x), where related functions S = S(x), C = C(x), and D = D(x) possess the following properties.

(1.a) C^2 - S^2 = 1.

(1.b) D^3 - S^3 = 1.

Integrals.

(2.a) S = Integral C*D^2 dx.

(2.b) C = 1 + Integral S*D^2 dx.

(2.c) D = 1 + Integral C*S^2 dx.

(2.d) C + S = 1 + Integral (C + S) * D^2 dx.

(2.e) D - S = 1 - Integral (D^2 - S^2) * C dx.

Exponential.

(3.a) C + S = exp( Integral D^2 dx ).

(3.b) D - S = exp( Integral -(D + S) * C dx.

(3.c) C = cosh( Integral D^2 dx ).

(3.d) S = sinh( Integral D^2 dx ).

Derivatives.

(4.a) S' = C*D^2.

(4.b) C' = S*D^2.

(4.c) D' = C*S^2.

(4.d) (C' + S')/(C + S) = D^2.

(4.e) (D' - S')/(D - S) = -(D + S) * C.

EXAMPLE

E.g.f.: C(x) + S(x) = 1 + x + x^2/2! + x^3/3! + 5*x^4/4! + 21*x^5/5! + 101*x^6/6! + 581*x^7/7! + 3605*x^8/8! + 29141*x^9/9! + 239701*x^10/10! + 2205861*x^11/11! + 22832005*x^12/12! + 246573061*x^13/13! + 2990463301*x^14/14! + 38108222341*x^15/15! + 518783617205*x^16/16! + 7633121129781*x^17/17! + 116869543894901*x^18/18! + 1918479435194021*x^19/19! + 33025793008567205*x^20/20! + 595507639576003301*x^21/21! +...

such that

(1) C(x) + S(x) = exp( Integral D(x)^2 dx ),

(2) C(x) + S(x) = 1 + Integral (C(x) + S(x)) * D(x)^2 dx,

where functions S(x), C(x), and D(x) are illustrated below.

RELATED SERIES.

S(x) = x + x^3/3! + 4*x^4/4! + x^5/5! + 100*x^6/6! + 161*x^7/7! + 1764*x^8/8! + 22001*x^9/9! + 49700*x^10/10! + 1649921*x^11/11! + 10057124*x^12/12! + 105372001*x^13/13! + 2044251300*x^14/14! + 12879413281*x^15/15! + 315936586084*x^16/16! + 3892292034001*x^17/17! + 49987743460900*x^18/18! +...

C(x) = 1 + x^2/2! + x^4/4! + 20*x^5/5! + x^6/6! + 420*x^7/7! + 1841*x^8/8! + 7140*x^9/9! + 190001*x^10/10! + 555940*x^11/11! + 12774881*x^12/12! + 141201060*x^13/13! + 946212001*x^14/14! + 25228809060*x^15/15! + 202847031121*x^16/16! + 3740829095780*x^17/17! + 66881800434001*x^18/18! +...

D(x) = 1 + 2*x^3/3! + 20*x^5/5! + 40*x^6/6! + 182*x^7/7! + 3360*x^8/8! + 5320*x^9/9! + 165480*x^10/10! + 1193962*x^11/11! + 7681520*x^12/12! + 182657020*x^13/13! + 1028347320*x^14/14! + 21430373342*x^15/15! + 296385660480*x^16/16! + 2926954283120*x^17/17! + 74104327031560*x^18/18! +...

S(x)^2 = 2*x^2/2! + 8*x^4/4! + 40*x^5/5! + 32*x^6/6! + 1680*x^7/7! + 3808*x^8/8! + 49560*x^9/9! + 646912*x^10/10! + 2192960*x^11/11! + 65759008*x^12/12! + 475555080*x^13/13! + 5786067392*x^14/14! + 114473289840*x^15/15! + 891694992608*x^16/16! + 21934824868600*x^17/17! + 298444830841472*x^18/18! +...

such that C(x)^2 = 1 + S(x)^2.

D(x)^2 = 1 + 4*x^3/3! + 40*x^5/5! + 160*x^6/6! + 364*x^7/7! + 11200*x^8/8! + 24080*x^9/9! + 519120*x^10/10! + 5344724*x^11/11! + 27288800*x^12/12! + 752580920*x^13/13! + 5142016880*x^14/14! + 86718961084*x^15/15! + 1483995676800*x^16/16! + 13774998062560*x^17/17! + 356032443815440*x^18/18! +...

such that D(x)^2 = S'(x)/C(x) = C'(x)/S(x).

S(x)^3 = 6*x^3/3! + 60*x^5/5! + 360*x^6/6! + 546*x^7/7! + 23520*x^8/8! + 69720*x^9/9! + 1060920*x^10/10! + 14669886*x^11/11! + 67692240*x^12/12! + 1957699380*x^13/13! + 16377040680*x^14/14! + 228086752026*x^15/15! + 4642872212160*x^16/16! + 43205148425040*x^17/17! + 1084693228559640*x^18/18! +...

such that D(x)^3 = 1 + S(x)^3.

1/(D(x) - S(x)) = 1 + x + 2*x^2/2! + 5*x^3/3! + 20*x^4/4! + 81*x^5/5! + 452*x^6/6! + 2765*x^7/7! + 19460*x^8/8! + 156121*x^9/9! + 1368052*x^10/10! + 13327125*x^11/11! + 141326500*x^12/12! + 1616350561*x^13/13! + 20040895252*x^14/14! + 264759181085*x^15/15! + 3740415315140*x^16/16! + 56164918735401*x^17/17! + 891038080096052*x^18/18! + 14957788277468645*x^19/19! + 263869908657105380*x^20/20! + 4889789934063374641*x^21/21! +...

such that 1/(D(x) - S(x)) = exp( Integral (D(x) + S(x)) * C(x) dx.

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = my(S=x, C=1, D=1); for(i=0, n, S = intformal( C*D^2 + x*O(x^n)); C = 1 + intformal( S*D^2 ); D = 1 + intformal( C*S^2 )); n!*polcoeff(C+S, n)}

for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A280620 (S), A280621 (C), A280622 (D), A280624 (1/(C-S)).

Sequence in context: A199215 A204061 A046633 * A203154 A097175 A100284

Adjacent sequences:  A280620 A280621 A280622 * A280624 A280625 A280626

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Jan 06 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 23 08:40 EDT 2021. Contains 348211 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)