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A272775 Squares of the form P(n, 5) + n, where P(x,k) is the Pochhammer function and n = square (A000290). 1
121, 6724, 154449, 1860496, 14250625, 78960996, 344362249, 1250895424, 3936182121, 11035502500, 28143753121, 66322731024, 146186169649, 304278004996, 602680505625, 1143051786496, 2086600473049, 3681862517124, 6302555019121, 10498248010000, 17061121121121 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Theorem: Only for a square n is the number M(n) = P(n, 5) + n also square, where P(x,k) = x*(x+1)*...*(x+k-1) is the Pochhammer function (rising factorial).

This sequence contains squares M(n) for the squares n from A000290.

LINKS

Colin Barker, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pochhammer Symbol.

Wikipedia, Metallic mean.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (11,-55,165,-330,462,-462,330,-165,55,-11,1).

FORMULA

a(n) = (A261391(n))^2 = ((n-th metallic mean)^5 - 1/(n-th metallic mean)^5)^2.

a(n) = n^10 + 10*n^8 + 35*n^6 + 50*n^4 + 25*n^2 = (n^5 + 5*n^3 + 5*n)^2.

G.f.: x*(1 +x)*(121 +5272*x +81868*x^2 +429544*x^3 +780790*x^4 +429544*x^5 +81868*x^6 +5272*x^7 +121*x^8) / (1-x)^11. - Colin Barker, May 06 2016

PROG

(MAGMA) [n*(n+1)*(n+2)*(n+3)*(n+4) + n: n in [1..7000] | IsSquare(n*(n+1)*(n+2)*(n+3)*(n+4) + n)]

(PARI) Vec(x*(1 +x)*(121 +5272*x +81868*x^2 +429544*x^3 +780790*x^4 +429544*x^5 +81868*x^6 +5272*x^7 +121*x^8)/(1-x)^11 + O(x^50)) \\ Colin Barker, May 06 2016

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000290, A261391.

Sequence in context: A244065 A231649 A212802 * A018849 A011814 A238320

Adjacent sequences:  A272772 A272773 A272774 * A272776 A272777 A272778

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Jaroslav Krizek, May 06 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 14 18:01 EDT 2021. Contains 343900 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)