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 A269424 Record (maximal) gaps between primes of the form 8k + 1. 2
 24, 32, 56, 64, 88, 112, 120, 136, 160, 216, 232, 240, 264, 304, 384, 480, 488, 528, 544, 576, 624, 640, 720, 760, 816, 888, 960, 1032, 1064, 1200, 1296, 1320, 1432, 1464, 1520, 1560, 1608, 1832, 1848 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS Dirichlet's theorem on arithmetic progressions suggests that average gaps between primes of the form 8k + 1 below x are about phi(8)*log(x). This sequence shows that the record gap ending at p grows almost as fast as phi(8)*log^2(p). Here phi(n) is A000010, Euler's totient function; phi(8)=4. Conjecture: a(n) < phi(8)*log^2(A269426(n)) almost always. A269425 lists the primes preceding the maximal gaps. A269426 lists the corresponding primes at the end of the maximal gaps. LINKS Alexei Kourbatov, On the distribution of maximal gaps between primes in residue classes, arXiv:1610.03340 [math.NT], 2016. Alexei Kourbatov, On the nth record gap between primes in an arithmetic progression, arXiv:1709.05508 [math.NT], 2017; Int. Math. Forum, 13 (2018), 65-78. Alexei Kourbatov and Marek Wolf, Predicting maximal gaps in sets of primes, arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.03785 [math.NT], 2019. EXAMPLE The first two primes of the form 8k + 1 are 17 and 41, so a(1)=41-17=24. The next prime of this form is 73 and the gap 73-41=32 is a new record, so a(2)=32. MATHEMATICA re = 0; s = 17; Reap[For[p = 41, p < 10^8, p = NextPrime[p], If[Mod[p, 8] == 1, g = p - s; If[g > re, re = g; Print[g]; Sow[g]]; s = p]]][[2, 1]] (* Jean-François Alcover, Oct 17 2016, adapted from PARI *) PROG (PARI) re=0; s=17; forprime(p=41, 1e8, if(p%8!=1, next); g=p-s; if(g>re, re=g; print1(g", ")); s=p) CROSSREFS Cf. A007519, A269425, A269426. Sequence in context: A102374 A317534 A240068 * A319928 A025102 A188671 Adjacent sequences: A269421 A269422 A269423 * A269425 A269426 A269427 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Alexei Kourbatov, Feb 25 2016 STATUS approved

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Last modified February 7 10:04 EST 2023. Contains 360115 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)