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 A257569 Triangular array read by rows: T(h,k) = number of steps from (h,k) to (0,0), where one step is (x,y) -> (x-1, y) if x is odd or (x,y) -> (y, x/2) if x is even. 5
 0, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 6, 7, 6, 7, 7, 8, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 7, 8, 7, 8, 7, 9, 8, 9, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 9, 8, 9, 8, 9, 8, 10, 9, 10, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 10, 10, 10, 10, 8, 10, 9, 10, 8 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS The number of pairs (h,k) satisfying T(h,k) = n is F(n), where F = A000045, the Fibonacci numbers.  The number of such pairs having odd h is F(n-2), and the number having even h is F(n-1). Let c(n,k) be the number of pairs (h,k) satisfying T(h,k) = n; in particular, c(n,0) is the number of integers (pairs of the form (h,0)) satisfying T(h,0) = n.  Let p(n) = A000931(n).  Then c(n,0) = p(n+3) for n >= 0.  More generally, for fixed k >=0, the sequence satisfies the recurrence r(n) = r(n-2) + r(n-3) except for initial terms. The greatest h for which some (h,k) is n steps from (0,0) is H = A029744(n-1) for n >= 2, and the only such pair is (H,0). T(n,k) is also the number of steps from h + k*sqrt(2) to 0, where one step is x + y*sqrt(2) -> x-1 + y*sqrt(2) if x is odd, and x + sqrt(y) -> y + (x/2)*sqrt(2) if x is even. LINKS Clark Kimberling, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000 EXAMPLE First ten rows: 0 1   2 3   3   4 4   4   5   5 5   5   5   6   6 6   6   6   6   7   7 6   7   6   7   7   8   7 7   7   7   7   8   8   8   8 7   8   7   8   7   9   8   9   8 8   8   8   8   8   8   9   9   9   9 Row 3 counts the pairs (2,0), (1,1), (0,2), for which the paths to (0,0) are as shown here: (2,0) -> (0,1) -> (1,0) -> (0,0)  (3 steps); (1,1) -> (0,1) -> (1,0) -> (0,0)  (3 steps); (0,2) -> (2,0) -> (0,1) -> (1,0) -> (0,0) (4 steps). MATHEMATICA f[{x_, y_}] := If[EvenQ[x], {y, x/2}, {x - 1, y}]; g[{x_, y_}] := Drop[FixedPointList[f, {x, y}], -1]; h[{x_, y_}] := -1 + Length[g[{x, y}]]; t = Table[h[{n - k, k}], {n, 0, 16}, {k, 0, n}]; TableForm[t] (* A257569 array *) Flatten[t]   (* A257569 sequence *) CROSSREFS Cf. A257570, A257571, A257572, A000045, A000931, A029744. Sequence in context: A072649 A266082 A105195 * A039836 A083398 A221671 Adjacent sequences:  A257566 A257567 A257568 * A257570 A257571 A257572 KEYWORD nonn,tabl,easy AUTHOR Clark Kimberling, May 01 2015 STATUS approved

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Last modified July 3 09:17 EDT 2020. Contains 335417 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)