

A255421


Permutation of natural numbers: a(1) = 1, a(p_n) = ludic(1+a(n)), a(c_n) = nonludic(a(n)), where p_n = nth prime, c_n = nth composite number and ludic = A003309, nonludic = A192607.


8



1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 19, 20, 21, 25, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 34, 37, 30, 31, 32, 36, 33, 41, 35, 38, 39, 43, 40, 47, 42, 49, 52, 53, 44, 45, 46, 51, 48, 61, 57, 50, 54, 55, 59, 67, 56, 71, 64, 58, 66, 70, 72, 97, 60, 62, 63, 77, 69, 83, 65, 81
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

This can be viewed as yet another "entanglement permutation", where two pairs of complementary subsets of natural numbers are interwoven with each other. In this case a complementary pair ludic/nonludic numbers (A003309/A192607) is intertwined with a complementary pair prime/composite numbers (A000040/A002808).


LINKS

Antti Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..8192
Index entries for sequences that are permutations of the natural numbers


FORMULA

a(1) = 1, and for n > 1, if A010051(n) = 1 [i.e. when n is a prime], a(n) = A003309(1+a(A000720(n))), otherwise a(n) = A192607(a(A065855(n))).
As a composition of other permutations:
a(n) = A237126(A246377(n)).
Other identities.
a(A007097(n)) = A255420(n). [Maps iterates of primes to the iterates of Ludic numbers.]


EXAMPLE

When n = 19 = A000040(8) [the eighth prime], we look for the value of a(8), which is 8 [all terms less than 19 are fixed because the beginnings of A003309 and A008578 coincide up to A003309(8) = A008578(8) = 17], and then take the eighth ludic number larger than 1, which is A003309(1+8) = 23, thus a(19) = 23.
When n = 20 = A002808(11) [the eleventh composite], we look for the value of a(11), which is 11 [all terms less than 19 are fixed, see above], and then take the eleventh nonludic number, which is A192607(11) = 19, thus a(20) = 19.
When n = 30 = A002808(19) [the 19th composite], we look for the value of a(19), which is 23 [see above], and then take the 23rd nonludic number, which is A192607(23) = 34, thus a(30) = 34.


PROG

(Scheme, with memoizationmacro definec)
(definec (A255421 n) (cond ((= 1 n) n) ((= 1 (A010051 n)) (A003309 (+ 1 (A255421 (A000720 n))))) (else (A192607 (A255421 (A065855 n))))))
;; Alternatively:
(define (A255421 n) (A237126 (A246377 n)))


CROSSREFS

Inverse: A255422.
Cf. A000040, A000720, A002808, A003309, A007097, A008578, A065855, A010051, A192607, A255420, A255324.
Related or similar permutations: A237126, A246377, A245703, A245704, A255407, A255408.
Sequence in context: A194417 A246093 A261924 * A255407 A269171 A269395
Adjacent sequences: A255418 A255419 A255420 * A255422 A255423 A255424


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Antti Karttunen, Feb 23 2015


STATUS

approved



