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 A239016 Numbers not larger than any rotation of their digits. 7
 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 66, 67, 68, 69, 77, 78, 79, 88, 89, 99, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 132 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS The numbers with nonincreasing digits, A009994, form a subsequence which first differs at a(73)=132 (not in A009994) from this one. This sequence is a subsequence of A072544: numbers whose smallest decimal digit is also the initial digit. A072544(65)=121 is the first such number not in this sequence. This criterion involving "rotation" is part of the characterization of Lyndon words, see e.g. A102659, A102660, A210584, A210585. All of these are subsequences of this sequence. For example, A102659 = A213969 intersect A239016. LINKS EXAMPLE The number 10 is excluded from this sequence because its "rotation" 01 is smaller than the number itself. The same is the case for any number whose first digit is not the smallest one: rotating a smaller digit to the front will always yield a smaller number, independently of the other digits. For this reason, all terms must be in A072544. a(73)=132 is in the sequence because the nontrivial rotations of its digits are 321 and 213, both larger than 132. PROG (PARI) is_A239016(n)=vecsort(d=digits(n))==d||!for(i=1, #d-1, n>[1, 10^(#d-i)]*divrem(n, 10^i)&&return) (Python) def ok(n):     s = str(n)     if "".join(sorted(s)) == s: return True     return all(n <= int(s[i:] + s[:i]) for i in range(1, len(s))) print(list(filter(ok, range(133)))) # Michael S. Branicky, Aug 21 2021 CROSSREFS Sequence in context: A032857 A072544 A009994 * A102827 A190221 A239215 Adjacent sequences:  A239013 A239014 A239015 * A239017 A239018 A239019 KEYWORD nonn,base AUTHOR M. F. Hasler, Mar 08 2014 STATUS approved

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Last modified August 18 12:46 EDT 2022. Contains 356212 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)