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A234451 Number of ways to write n = k + m with k > 0 and m > 0 such that 2^(phi(k)/2 + phi(m)/6) + 3 is prime, where phi(.) is Euler's totient function. 8
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3, 5, 4, 5, 4, 6, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 5, 6, 8, 7, 6, 5, 7, 8, 7, 10, 6, 7, 9, 7, 5, 5, 8, 6, 6, 7, 9, 3, 7, 10, 9, 3, 8, 6, 8, 6, 9, 9, 12, 5, 8, 8, 10, 9, 10, 9, 8, 8, 8, 10, 9, 12, 10, 13, 11, 9, 10 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,12
COMMENTS
Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 9. Also, any integer n > 13 can be written as k + m with k > 0 and m > 0 such that 2^(phi(k)/2 + phi(m)/6) - 3 is prime.
(ii) Each integer n > 25 can be written as k + m with k > 0 and m > 0 such that 3*2^(phi(k)/2 + phi(m)/8) + 1 (or 3*2^(phi(k)/2 + phi(m)/12) + 1 when n > 38) is prime. Also, any integer n > 14 can be written as k + m with k > 0 and m > 0 such that 3*2^(phi(k)/2 + phi(m)/12) - 1 is prime.
This conjecture implies that there are infinitely many primes in any of the four forms 2^n + 3, 2^n - 3, 3*2^n + 1, 3*2^n - 1.
We have verified the conjecture for n up to 50000.
LINKS
EXAMPLE
a(10) = 1 since 10 = 3 + 7 with 2^(phi(3)/2 + phi(7)/6) + 3 = 7 prime.
a(11) = 1 since 11 = 4 + 7 with 2^(phi(4)/2 + phi(7)/6) + 3 = 7 prime.
a(12) = 2 since 12 = 3 + 9 = 5 + 7 with 2^(phi(3)/2 + phi(9)/6) + 3 = 7 and 2^(phi(5)/2 + phi(7)/6) + 3 = 11 both prime.
a(769) = 1 since 769 = 31 + 738 with 2^(phi(31)/2 + phi(738)/6) + 3 = 2^(55) + 3 prime.
a(787) = 1 since 787 = 112 + 675 with 2^(phi(112)/2 + phi(675)/6) + 3 = 2^(84) + 3 prime.
a(867) = 1 since 867 = 90 + 777 with 2^(phi(90)/2 + phi(777)/6) + 3 = 2^(84) + 3 prime.
a(869) = 1 since 869 = 51 + 818 with 2^(phi(51)/2 + phi(818)/6) + 3 = 2^(84) + 3 prime.
a(913) = 1 since 913 = 409 + 504 with 2^(phi(409)/2 + phi(504)/6) + 3 = 2^(228) + 3 prime.
a(1085) = 1 since 1085 = 515 + 570 with 2^(phi(515)/2 + phi(570)/6) + 3 = 2^(228) + 3 prime.
MATHEMATICA
f[n_, k_]:=2^(EulerPhi[k]/2+EulerPhi[n-k]/6)+3
a[n_]:=Sum[If[PrimeQ[f[n, k]], 1, 0], {k, 1, n-1}]
Table[a[n], {n, 1, 100}]
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A114775 A071136 A025425 * A085501 A069623 A076411
KEYWORD
nonn
AUTHOR
Zhi-Wei Sun, Dec 26 2013
STATUS
approved

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Last modified July 14 02:38 EDT 2024. Contains 374291 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)