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A229832 First term of smallest sequence of n consecutive weak primes. 8
3, 19, 349, 2909, 15377, 128983, 1319411, 17797519, 94097539, 6927837559, 48486712787, 968068681519, 1472840004019, 129001208165719 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Erdős called a weak prime A051635 an "early prime," defined to be one which is less than the arithmetic mean of the prime before it and the prime after it. He conjectured that there are infinitely many consecutive pairs of early primes, and offered $100 for a proof and $25000 for a disproof. See Kuperberg 1992.

I make the stronger conjecture that the sequence a(n) is infinite.

a(1) = A051635(1), a(2) = A054820(1), a(3) = A054824(1), a(4) = A054829(1), a(5) = A054835(1).

a(n) is the prime following A158939(n+1). [Follows from the definitions] - Chris Boyd, Mar 28 2015

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..14.

Greg Kuperberg, The Erdos kitty: At least $9050 in prizes!, Newsgroups: rec.puzzles, sci.math, 1992. [Broken link]

Greg Kuperberg, The Erdos kitty: At least $9050 in prizes!, Newsgroups: rec.puzzles, sci.math, 1992. [Cached copy]

Wikipedia, Weak prime

FORMULA

a(n) = min{p(i): 2*p(i+j) < p(i+j-1) + p(i+j+1), j = 0,1,..,n-1}.

EXAMPLE

The primes 19 < (17+23)/2 and 23 < (19+29)/2 are the smallest pair of consecutive weak/early primes, so a(2) = 19.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A051634, A051635, A054820, A054824, A054829, A054835, A158939.

Sequence in context: A326902 A346840 A132876 * A219270 A071381 A195639

Adjacent sequences:  A229829 A229830 A229831 * A229833 A229834 A229835

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Jonathan Sondow, Oct 13 2013

EXTENSIONS

a(6) corrected by and a(7)-a(13) from Giovanni Resta, Jan 16 2014

a(14) from Giovanni Resta, Apr 19 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 23 19:48 EDT 2021. Contains 347617 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)