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A228960 a(n) = [x^n] (1 + x + x^3 + x^4)^n. 2
1, 1, 4, 17, 51, 136, 393, 1233, 3865, 11851, 36301, 112520, 351352, 1098189, 3433704, 10758609, 33794505, 106344793, 335061790, 1056924667, 3338026857, 10554163533, 33402840615, 105809430024, 335444908176, 1064268538776, 3379009937161, 10735253448349, 34127137228747 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

Equals the Logarithmic derivative of A198951, where the g.f. of A198951 satisfies: G(x) = (1 + x*G(x))*(1 + x^3*G(x)^3).

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

FORMULA

L.g.f. L(x) satisfies:

(1) L(x) = log( (1/x)*Series_Reversion(x/((1+x)*(1+x^3))) ).

(2) L(x) = Sum_{n>=1} x^n/n * Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * x^(2*k) * exp(2*k*L(x)).

(3) L(x) = Sum_{n>=1} x^n/n * (1 - x^2*exp(2*L(x)))^(2*n+1) * Sum_{k>=0} C(n+k,k)^2 * x^(2*k) * exp(2*k*L(x)).

Conjecture: 3*n*(1661*n-1820) *(3*n-1) *(3*n-2) *a(n) +(1927258*n^4 -17091925*n^3 +50171975*n^2 -59448794*n +24442440) *a(n-1) +12*(-705605*n^4 +6363374*n^3 -20228575*n^2 +27219817*n -13185456) *a(n-2) +54*(n-2) *(250934*n^3 -1892927*n^2 +4367836*n -3055963) *a(n-3) -486*(n-2)*(n-3) *(26090*n-34343) *(2*n-7) *a(n-4)=0. - R. J. Mathar, Sep 15 2013.

Recurrence (of order 3): 3*n*(3*n-2)*(3*n-1)*(238*n^3 - 1302*n^2 + 2285*n - 1293)*a(n) = 2*(13328*n^6 - 92904*n^5 + 249452*n^4 - 329211*n^3 + 224408*n^2 - 74649*n + 9360)*a(n-1) - 18*(n-1)*(2380*n^5 - 15400*n^4 + 36710*n^3 - 39398*n^2 + 18345*n - 2880)*a(n-2) + 162*(n-2)*(n-1)*(2*n-5)*(238*n^3 - 588*n^2 + 395*n - 72)*a(n-3). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Dec 27 2013

a(n) ~ c*d^n/sqrt(n), where d = 1/81*((2144134 + 520506*sqrt(17))^(2/3) - 2036 + 112*(2144134 + 520506*sqrt(17))^(1/3))*(2144134 + 520506 * sqrt(17))^(-1/3) = 3.23407602060970245... is the root of the equation -324 + 180*d - 112*d^2 + 27*d^3 = 0 and c = 1/102*sqrt(17)*sqrt((34102 + 8262*sqrt(17))^(1/3)*((34102+8262*sqrt(17))^(2/3) + 136 + 136*(34102 + 8262*sqrt(17))^(1/3)))/((34102 + 8262*sqrt(17))^(1/3)*sqrt(Pi)) = 0.3061270429417747... - Vaclav Kotesovec, Dec 27 2013

From Peter Bala, Jun 15 2015: (Start)

a(n) = [x^(3*n)](1 + x + x^3 + x^4)^n.

a(n) = Sum_{k = 0..floor(n/3)} binomial(n,k)*binomial(n,3*k). Applying Maple's sumrecursion command to this formula gives the above recurrence of Kotesovec. (End)

a(n) = hypergeom([1/3-n/3, 2/3-n/3, -n, -n/3], [1/3, 2/3, 1], 1). - Vladimir Reshetnikov, Oct 04 2016

EXAMPLE

L.g.f.: L(x) = x + x^2/2 + 4*x^3/3 + 17*x^4/4 + 51*x^5/5 + 136*x^6/6 +...

Given G(x) = exp(L(x)), which is the g.f. of A198951:

G(x) = 1 + x + x^2 + 2*x^3 + 6*x^4 + 16*x^5 + 39*x^6 + 99*x^7 + 271*x^8 + 763*x^9 + 2146*x^10 +...+ A198951(n)*x^n +...

then the l.g.f. L(x) satisfies the series:

L(x) = (1 + x^2*G(x)^2)*x

+ (1 + 2^2*x^2*G(x)^2 + x^4*G(x)^4)*x^2/2

+ (1 + 3^2*x^2*G(x)^2 + 3^2*x^4*G(x)^4 + x^6*G(x)^6)*x^3/3

+ (1 + 4^2*x^2*G(x)^2 + 6^2*x^4*G(x)^4 + 4^2*x^6*G(x)^6 + x^8*G(x)^8)*x^4/4

+ (1 + 5^2*x^2*G(x)^2 + 10^2*x^4*G(x)^4 + 10^2*x^6*G(x)^6 + 5^2*x^8*G(x)^8 + x^10*G(x)^10)*x^5/5 +...

The table of coefficients in (1 + x + x^3 + x^4)^n begins:

n=1: [1,(1), 0,  1,   1,   0,   0,    0,    0,    0,    0, ...];

n=2: [1, 2, (1), 2,   4,   2,   1,    2,    1,    0,    0, ...];

n=3: [1, 3,  3, (4),  9,   9,   6,    9,    9,    4,    3, ...];

n=4: [1, 4,  6,  8, (17), 24,  22,   28,   36,   28,   22, ...];

n=5: [1, 5, 10, 15,  30, (51), 60,   75,  105,  110,  100, ...];

n=6: [1, 6, 15, 26,  51,  96,(136), 180,  261,  326,  345, ...];

n=7: [1, 7, 21, 42,  84, 168, 273, (393), 588,  819,  987, ...];

n=8: [1, 8, 28, 64, 134, 280, 504,  792,(1233),1848, 2472, ...];

n=9: [1, 9, 36, 93, 207, 450, 876, 1494, 2439,(3865),5616, ...]; ...

the terms in parenthesis forms the initial terms of this sequence.

MAPLE

A228960 := proc(n)

    (1+x+x^3+x^4)^n ;

    coeftayl(%, x=0, n) ;

end proc: # R. J. Mathar, Sep 15 2013

MATHEMATICA

Table[Coefficient[(1 + x + x^3 + x^4)^n, x, n], {n, 1, 30}] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Dec 27 2013 *)

Table[HypergeometricPFQ[{1/3 - n/3, 2/3 - n/3, -n, -n/3}, {1/3, 2/3, 1}, 1], {n, 20}] (* Vladimir Reshetnikov, Oct 04 2016 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n)=polcoeff((1+x+x^3+x^4+x*O(x^n))^n, n)}

for(n=1, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=1/x*serreverse(x/(1+x+x^3+x^4+x*O(x^n)))); n*polcoeff(log(A), n)}

for(n=1, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=x); for(i=1, n, A=sum(m=1, n, sum(j=0, m, binomial(m, j)^2*x^(2*j)*exp(2*j*A+x*O(x^n)))*x^m/m)); n*polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=1, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=1+x); for(i=1, n, A=sum(m=1, n, (1-x^2*exp(2*A))^(2*m+1)*sum(j=0, n\2, binomial(m+j, j)^2*x^(2*j)*exp(2*j*A+x*O(x^n)))*x^m/m)); n*polcoeff(A, n, x)}

for(n=1, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A198951.

Sequence in context: A297817 A184445 A334694 * A131339 A047668 A208658

Adjacent sequences:  A228957 A228958 A228959 * A228961 A228962 A228963

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Sep 10 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 13 15:18 EDT 2020. Contains 335688 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)