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A217262 Delta sequence for binary words in a minimal-change order (subset-lex Gray code). 2
0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 4, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 5, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 4, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 4, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 5, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 4, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
COMMENTS
Positions of change with a certain Gray code (SL-Gray) for binary words (see example): to keep the sequence independent of the word length we start with the all-ones word, the sequence gives the following changes. The Gray code is cyclic, so first words skipped can (for fixed word length) be appended to the end.
Alternatively, for words length n, start with the all-zeros word, use transitions (n-2), (n-1), (n-2), (n-3), (n-4), ..., 3, 2, 1, 0, followed by the terms of this sequence until all 2^n words have been visited (see rows 00..05 in the example).
The subset-lex Gray code shown here can be obtained by a reflection process from the (reversed) subset-lexicographic order for binary words given in A108918.
Research problem: Does a two-close Gray code exist for the binary words of length n for all n? One-close Gray codes for binary words exists for n<=6 but not for n=7 (and unlikely for any n>=8, see Fxtbook link).
From Joerg Arndt, Apr 29 2014: (Start)
Sequence can be obtained from A007814 by replacing 0 by 01210, 1 by 3, 2 by 141, 3 by 12521, 4 by 1236321, ..., n by 123..(n-1)(n+2)(n-1)..321. - Joerg Arndt, Apr 29 2014
The consecutive transitions are either one-close (abs(a(n)-a(n-1))=1, most of the time) or 3-close (abs(a(n)-a(n-1))=3): In the Gray code of the 2^n n-bit words all transitions are one-close but for 2^(n-2) - 2 transitions that are 3-close; The Gray codes for n<=3 have only one-close transitions.
(End)
The positions of 0's are twice the terms of A327492. - Andrey Zabolotskiy, Jan 06 2024
LINKS
Joerg Arndt, Matters Computational (The Fxtbook), section 20.3.2 "Adjacent changes (AC) Gray codes", p.400.
Joerg Arndt, Subset-lex: did we miss an order?, arXiv:1405.6503 [math.CO], (26-May-2014)
EXAMPLE
Example for word length 5:
no: word transition
00: ..... .1... 3
01: 1.... 1.... 4
02: 11... .1... 3
03: 111.. ..1.. 2
04: 1111. ...1. 1
05: 11111 ....1 0 <--= sequence starts
06: 111.1 ...1. 1
07: 11..1 ..1.. 2
08: 11.11 ...1. 1
09: 11.1. ....1 0
10: 1..1. .1... 3
11: 1..11 ....1 0
12: 1...1 ...1. 1
13: 1.1.1 ..1.. 2
14: 1.111 ...1. 1
15: 1.11. ....1 0
16: 1.1.. ...1. 1
17: ..1.. 1.... 4
18: ..11. ...1. 1
19: ..111 ....1 0
20: ..1.1 ...1. 1
21: ....1 ..1.. 2
22: ...11 ...1. 1
23: ...1. ....1 0
24: .1.1. .1... 3
25: .1.11 ....1 0
26: .1..1 ...1. 1
27: .11.1 ..1.. 2
28: .1111 ...1. 1
29: .111. ....1 0
30: .11.. ...1. 1
31: .1... ..1.. 2
Append first few words to obtain Gray code for word length 5:
00: ..... .1...
01: 1.... 1....
02: 11... .1...
03: 111.. ..1..
04: 1111. ...1.
CROSSREFS
Cf. A007814 (transitions for the binary reflected Gray code).
Cf. A108918.
Sequence in context: A127373 A200123 A187616 * A260616 A284950 A308298
KEYWORD
nonn
AUTHOR
Joerg Arndt, Sep 29 2012
EXTENSIONS
Prepended a(0)=0, Joerg Arndt, Apr 29 2014
STATUS
approved

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Last modified June 13 08:31 EDT 2024. Contains 373383 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)