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 A197035 Decimal expansion of the shortest distance from the x axis through (3,1) to the line y=x. 3
 2, 6, 0, 8, 1, 9, 4, 0, 2, 4, 9, 6, 1, 0, 1, 8, 9, 0, 1, 9, 9, 0, 1, 4, 4, 5, 4, 2, 8, 3, 5, 2, 2, 3, 9, 5, 9, 0, 8, 3, 5, 8, 9, 1, 1, 5, 8, 7, 9, 5, 9, 7, 6, 7, 4, 4, 9, 4, 9, 1, 7, 7, 5, 6, 3, 8, 5, 7, 7, 4, 4, 9, 2, 8, 8, 4, 1, 8, 9, 9, 6, 8, 0, 3, 9, 1, 0, 4, 3, 1, 5, 5, 9, 0, 5, 1, 4, 5, 0 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS The shortest segment from one side of an angle T through a point P inside T is called the Philo line of P in T.  For discussions and guides to related sequences, see A197008 and A195284. LINKS EXAMPLE length of Philo line:  2.60819402496101... endpoint on x axis:   (3.47797, 0); see A197034 endpoint on line y=x: (2.35321, 2.35321) MATHEMATICA f[t_] := (t - k*t/(k + m*t - m*h))^2 + (m*k*t/(k + m*t - m*h))^2; g[t_] := D[f[t], t]; Factor[g[t]] p[t_] :=  h^2 k + k^3 - h^3 m - h k^2 m - 3 h k t + 3 h^2 m t + 2 k t^2 - 3 h m t^2 + m t^3 m = 1; h = 3; k = 1;  (* slope m; point (h, k) *) t = t1 /. FindRoot[p[t1] == 0, {t1, 1, 2}, WorkingPrecision -> 100] RealDigits[t]  (* A197034 *) {N[t], 0} (* endpoint on x axis *) {N[k*t/(k + m*t - m*h)], N[m*k*t/(k + m*t - m*h)]} (* upper endpoint *) d = N[Sqrt[f[t]], 100] RealDigits[d] (* A197035 *) Show[Plot[{k*(x - t)/(h - t), m*x}, {x, 0, 4}], ContourPlot[(x - h)^2 + (y - k)^2 == .002, {x, 0, 3.5}, {y, 0, 3}], PlotRange -> {0, 3}, AspectRatio -> Automatic] CROSSREFS Cf. A197032, A197034, A197008, A195284. Sequence in context: A156991 A229586 A294789 * A227805 A267314 A180314 Adjacent sequences:  A197032 A197033 A197034 * A197036 A197037 A197038 KEYWORD nonn,cons AUTHOR Clark Kimberling, Oct 10 2011 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 16 09:06 EST 2019. Contains 330020 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)