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A191450 Dispersion of (3n-1), read by antidiagonals. 16
1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 4, 14, 23, 11, 6, 41, 68, 32, 17, 7, 122, 203, 95, 50, 20, 9, 365, 608, 284, 149, 59, 26, 10, 1094, 1823, 851, 446, 176, 77, 29, 12, 3281, 5468, 2552, 1337, 527, 230, 86, 35, 13, 9842, 16403, 7655, 4010, 1580, 689, 257, 104, 38, 15, 29525 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Suppose that s is an increasing sequence of positive integers, that the complement t of s is infinite, and that t(1)=1. The dispersion of s is the array D whose n-th row is (t(n), s(t(n)), s(s(t(n)), s(s(s(t(n)))), ...). Every positive integer occurs exactly once in D, so that, as a sequence, D is a permutation of the positive integers. The sequence u given by u(n) = {index of the row of D that contains n} is a fractal sequence. In this case s(n) = A016789(n-1), t(n) = A032766(n) [from term A032766(1) onward] and u(n) = A253887(n). [Author's original comment edited by Antti Karttunen, Jan 24 2015]

For other examples of such sequences, please see the Crossrefs section.

LINKS

Antti Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10440; the first 144 antidiagonals of array

Clark Kimberling, Interspersions and Dispersions.

Clark Kimberling, Interspersions and dispersions, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 117 (1993) 313-321.

Index entries for sequences that are permutations of the natural numbers

FORMULA

Conjecture: A(n,k) = (3 + (2*A032766(n) - 1)*A000244(k))/6. - L. Edson Jeffery, with slight changes by Antti Karttunen, Jan 21 2015

a(n) = A254051(A038722(n)). [When both this and transposed array A254051 are interpreted as one-dimensional sequences.] - Antti Karttunen, Jan 22 2015

EXAMPLE

The northwest corner of the square array:

1,  2,  5,  14,  41,  122,  365,  1094,  3281,   9842,  29525,   88574, ...

3,  8, 23,  68, 203,  608, 1823,  5468, 16403,  49208, 147623,  442868, ...

4, 11, 32,  95, 284,  851, 2552,  7655, 22964,  68891, 206672,  620015, ...

6, 17, 50, 149, 446, 1337, 4010, 12029, 36086, 108257, 324770,  974309, ...

7, 20, 59, 176, 527, 1580, 4739, 14216, 42647, 127940, 383819, 1151456, ...

9, 26, 77, 230, 689, 2066, 6197, 18590, 55769, 167306, 501917, 1505750, ...

etc.

The leftmost column is A032766, and each successive column to the right of it is obtained by multiplying the left neighbor on that row by three and subtracting one, thus the second column is (3*1)-1, (3*3)-1, (3*4)-1, (3*6)-1, (3*7)-1, (3*9)-1, ... = 2, 8, 11, 17, 20, 26, ...

MAPLE

A191450 := proc(r, c)

    option remember;

    if c = 1 then

        A032766(r) ;

    else

        A016789(procname(r, c-1)-1) ;

    end if;

end proc: # R. J. Mathar, Jan 25 2015

MATHEMATICA

(* Program generates the dispersion array T of increasing sequence f[n] *)

r=40; r1=12; c=40; c1=12;

f[n_] :=3n-1 (* complement of column 1 *)

mex[list_] := NestWhile[#1 + 1 &, 1, Union[list][[#1]] <= #1 &, 1, Length[Union[list]]]

rows = {NestList[f, 1, c]};

Do[rows = Append[rows, NestList[f, mex[Flatten[rows]], r]], {r}];

t[i_, j_] := rows[[i, j]];

TableForm[Table[t[i, j], {i, 1, 10}, {j, 1, 10}]]

(* A191450 array *)

Flatten[Table[t[k, n - k + 1], {n, 1, c1}, {k, 1, n}]] (* A191450 sequence *)

(* Program by Peter J. C. Moses, Jun 01 2011 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n, k)=3^(n-1)*(k*3\2*2-1)\2+1 \\ =3^(n-1)*(k*3\2-1/2)+1/2, but 30% faster. - M. F. Hasler, Jan 20 2015

(Scheme)

(define (A191450 n) (A191450bi (A002260 n) (A004736 n)))

(define (A191450bi row col) (if (= 1 col) (A032766 row) (A016789 (- (A191450bi row (- col 1)) 1))))

(define (A191450bi row col) (/ (+ 3 (* (A000244 col) (- (* 2 (A032766 row)) 1))) 6)) ;; Another implementation based on L. Edson Jeffery's direct formula.

;; Antti Karttunen, Jan 21 2015

CROSSREFS

Inverse: A254047.

Transpose: A254051.

Column 1: A032766.

Cf. A007051, A057198, A199109, A199113 (rows 1-4).

Cf. A253887 (row index of n in this array) & A254046 (column index, see also A253786).

Cf. A000244, A016789, A038722, A048673, A254053, A254103, A254104.

Examples of other arrays of dispersions: A114537, A035513, A035506, A191449, A191426-A191455.

Sequence in context: A191543 A191455 A191540 * A257122 A249188 A284188

Adjacent sequences:  A191447 A191448 A191449 * A191451 A191452 A191453

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, Jun 05 2011

EXTENSIONS

Example corrected and description clarified by Antti Karttunen, Jan 24 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 21 20:10 EDT 2021. Contains 347598 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)