

A182880


Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of weighted lattice paths in L_n having k (1,1)steps. L_n is the set of lattice paths of weight n that start at (0,0) and end on the horizontal axis and whose steps are of the following four kinds: a (1,0)step with weight 1; a (1,0)step with weight 2; a (1,1)step with weight 2; a (1,1)step with weight 1. The weight of a path is the sum of the weights of its steps.


1



1, 1, 2, 3, 2, 5, 6, 8, 18, 13, 44, 6, 21, 102, 30, 34, 222, 120, 55, 466, 390, 20, 89, 948, 1140, 140, 144, 1884, 3066, 700, 233, 3672, 7770, 2800, 70, 377, 7044, 18780, 9800, 630, 610, 13332, 43710, 31080, 3780, 987, 24946, 98610, 91560, 17850, 252, 1597, 46218, 216732, 254400, 72450, 2772
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OFFSET

0,3


COMMENTS

Sum of entries in row n is A051286(n).


REFERENCES

M. Bona and A. Knopfmacher, On the probability that certain compositions have the same number of parts, Ann. Comb., 14 (2010), 291306.
E. Munarini, N. Zagaglia Salvi, On the rank polynomial of the lattice of order ideals of fences and crowns, Discrete Mathematics 259 (2002), 163177.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..56.


FORMULA

T(n,0) = A000045(n+1) (the Fibonacci numbers).
Sum_{k=0..n} k*T(n,k) = A182881(n).
G.f.: G(t,z) = 1/sqrt(1  2*z  z^2 + 2*z^3 + z^4  4*t*z^3).
The g.f. of column k is binomial(2n,n)*z^(3n)/(1zz^2)^(2n+1).
Apparently, T(n,1) = 2*A001628(n3), T(n,2) = 6*A001873(n6), T(n,3) = 20*A001875(n9).  R. J. Mathar, Dec 11 2010


EXAMPLE

T(3,1)=2. Indeed, denoting by h (H) the (1,0)step of weight 1 (2), and u=(1,1), d=(1,1), the five paths of weight 3 are ud, du, hH, Hh, and hhh; two of them, ud and du, have exactly one u step.
Triangle starts:
1;
1;
2;
3, 2;
5, 6;
8, 18;
13, 44, 6;


MAPLE

G:=1/sqrt(12*zz^2+2*z^3+z^44*t*z^3): Gser:=simplify(series(G, z=0, 18)): for n from 0 to 16 do P[n]:=sort(coeff(Gser, z, n)) od: for n from 0 to 16 do seq(coeff(P[n], t, k), k=0..floor(n/3)) od; # yields sequence in triangular form


CROSSREFS

Cf. A051286, A000045, A182881.
Sequence in context: A066729 A241592 A211506 * A182898 A133684 A286151
Adjacent sequences: A182877 A182878 A182879 * A182881 A182882 A182883


KEYWORD

nonn,tabf


AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Dec 11 2010


STATUS

approved



