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 A182865 Minimal number of quadratic residues: a(n) is the least integer m such that any nonzero square is congruent (mod n) to one of the squares from 1 to m^2. 1
 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 4, 5, 5, 3, 6, 7, 6, 3, 8, 8, 9, 5, 9, 11, 11, 6, 12, 13, 13, 7, 14, 15, 15, 7, 15, 17, 15, 8, 18, 19, 18, 10, 20, 21, 21, 11, 20, 23, 23, 9, 24, 24, 24, 13, 26, 26, 25, 14, 27, 29, 29, 15, 30, 31, 28, 15, 30, 33, 33, 17, 33, 35, 35, 16, 36, 37, 36, 19, 35, 39, 39, 15, 40, 41, 41, 21, 40, 43, 42, 22, 44, 40, 42, 23, 45, 47, 45, 21, 48, 48, 44, 24 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 2,4 COMMENTS Up to n=3600, a(n) is equal to floor(n/2) 1262 times (about 35% of the cases). Sometimes the ratio a(n)/n is unexpectedly low: a(100)/100 = 24/100 = 0.24 a(144)/144 = 23/144 = 0.159722... a(3600)/3600 = 539/3600 = 0.149722... LINKS Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 2..1000 Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Quadratic Residue EXAMPLE For n = 100, one gets a(100) = 24 (far less than the expected floor(100/2) = 50). MATHEMATICA q[n_, k_] := Cases[Union[Mod[Range[k]^2, n]], _?Positive]; a[n_] := (r = q[n, Floor[n/2]]; k = 0; While[r != q[n, ++k]]; k); Table[a[n], {n, 2, 100}] CROSSREFS It should be noticed that, when n is prime, the corresponding sublist is A005097, i.e., (primes-1)/2. Cf. A096008. Sequence A105612 (number of nonzero quadratic residues mod n) is different from this sequence at positions such as 9, 15, 18, 21, and 24. Sequence in context: A308284 A036465 A265339 * A131469 A309076 A343326 Adjacent sequences: A182862 A182863 A182864 * A182866 A182867 A182868 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Jean-François Alcover, Feb 01 2011 EXTENSIONS Formula and sequence corrected to eliminate zeros from lists of quadratic residues. Anyway, mod computed with or without offset 1 gives the same list. STATUS approved

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Last modified March 26 14:32 EDT 2023. Contains 361549 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)