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A141782 Number of connected graphs with one cycle of length m = n-4 and n nodes. 1
18, 28, 32, 45, 52, 69, 79, 100, 114, 140, 158, 189, 212, 249, 277, 320, 354, 404, 444, 501, 548, 613, 667, 740, 802, 884, 954, 1045, 1124, 1225, 1313, 1424, 1522, 1644, 1752, 1885, 2004, 2149, 2279, 2436, 2578, 2748, 2902, 3085, 3252 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

7,1

COMMENTS

We have unicyclic graphs of order n = m+4 with a cycle of length m. Only 4 nodes of those graphs belong to the rooted trees attached to the cycle, so the orders of those trees can be only 1,2,3,4, or 5. The set of graphs can be divided in five subsets S_1, S_2, S_3, S_4 and S_5, such that

S_1 has trees of orders [5,1,1,...,1],

S_2 has trees of orders [4,2,1,...,1],

S_3 has trees of orders [3,3,1,...,1],

S_4 has trees of orders [3,2,2,1,...,1] and

S_5 has trees of orders [2,2,2,2,1,...,1].

|S_1| = 9 since there are 9 rooted trees with 5 points.

|S_2| = 4floor(m/2).

|S_3| = 3floor(m/2). We consider the 3 2-combinations (with repetition) of the 2 distinct rooted trees of order 3.

|S_4| = 2floor((m-1)^2/4) since floor((m-1)^2/4) is the number of bracelets with m beads, 2 of which are red, 1 of which is blue.

With x=m-4, |S_5| = <(x^3 +9x^2 +(32-9(x mod 2))x)/48 +0.6>. The value of |S_5| is equal to the number of m-bead bracelets with 4 red beads.

This sequence is the fifth column of table T of A058879.

LINKS

Washington Bomfim, Table of n, a(n) for n = 7..100

Washington Bomfim, The 32 unicyclic graphs of order 9 with a pentagon..

FORMULA

With m = n-4 and x = m-4, a(n) = <(x^3 +9x^2 +(32-9(x mod 2))x)/48 +0.6> + 2floor((m-1)^2/4) + 7floor(m/2) + 9. Empirically for n odd a(n) = (n^3 +9n^2 -n +87)/48 Empirically for n even a(n) = (n^3 +9n^2 +8n +192-n%4*6)/48.

Empirical g.f.: -x^7*(16*x^7-23*x^6-9*x^5+18*x^4-17*x^3+24*x^2+8*x-18) / ((x-1)^4*(x+1)^2*(x^2+1)). [Colin Barker, Feb 18 2013]

EXAMPLE

E.g. a(9)=32. Click the link to see an illustration of the 32 unicyclic graphs of order 9 with a pentagon.

PROG

(PARI) m=n-4 x=m-4 a(n) = round((x^3+9*x^2+(32-9*(x%2))*x)/48+0.6)+2*floor((m-1)^2/4)+7*floor(m/2)+9

CROSSREFS

Cf. A058879, A005232, A000081, A002620.

Sequence in context: A154920 A094224 A128858 * A093648 A171221 A216259

Adjacent sequences:  A141779 A141780 A141781 * A141783 A141784 A141785

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Washington Bomfim, Jul 31 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 26 11:11 EST 2021. Contains 340438 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)