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A138483 Expansion of (phi(q)^3 * phi(q^5) - phi(q) * phi(q^5)^3) / 4 in powers of q where phi() is a Ramanujan theta function. 2
1, 3, 2, 1, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 15, 12, 2, 12, 18, 10, 9, 16, 21, 20, 5, 12, 36, 22, 14, 25, 36, 20, 6, 30, 30, 32, 23, 24, 48, 30, 7, 36, 60, 24, 35, 42, 36, 42, 12, 35, 66, 46, 18, 43, 75, 32, 12, 52, 60, 60, 42, 40, 90, 60, 10, 62, 96, 42, 41, 60, 72, 66, 16, 44 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Ramanujan theta functions: f(q) (see A121373), phi(q) (A000122), psi(q) (A010054), chi(q) (A000700).

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

M. Somos, Introduction to Ramanujan theta functions

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Ramanujan Theta Functions

FORMULA

Expansion of q * phi(q) * chi(q) * f(q^5) * f(-q^10)^2 in powers of q where phi(), chi(), f() are Ramanujan theta functions.

Expansion of eta(q^2)^7 * eta(q^10)^5 / (eta(q)^3 * eta(q^4)^3 * eta(q^5) * eta(q^20)) in powers of q.

Euler transform of period 20 sequence [3, -4, 3, -1, 4, -4, 3, -1, 3, -8, 3, -1, 3, -4, 4, -1, 3, -4, 3, -4, ...].

a(n) is multiplicative with a(2^e) = (2^(e+1) - 5*(-1)^e) / 3 if e>0, a(5^e) = 5^e, a(p^e) = (p^(e+1) - 1) / (p - 1) if p == 1, 4 (mod 5), a(p^e) = (p^(e+1) + (-1)^e) / (p + 1) if p == 2, 3 (mod 5).

G.f. is a period 1 Fourier series which satisfies f(-1 / (20 t)) = 80^(1/2) (t/i)^2 g(t) where q = exp(2 Pi i t) and g() is the g.f. for A113185.

G.f.: x * Product_{k>0} (1 - x^(2*k)) * (1 + x^(2*k-1))^3 * (1 - x^(5*k))^3 * (1 + x^(10*k-5))^4 * (1 + x^(10*k))^3.

a(n) = -(-1)^n * A110712(n).

EXAMPLE

G.f. = q + 3*q^2 + 2*q^3 + q^4 + 5*q^5 + 6*q^6 + 6*q^7 + 7*q^8 + 7*q^9 + ...

MATHEMATICA

a[ n_] := If[ n < 1, 0, DivisorSum[ n, n/# KroneckerSymbol[ 25, #] (-1)^Quotient[# + 2, 5] If[ Mod[#, 4] > 0, 1, 5] &]]; (* Michael Somos, Sep 27 2015 *)

a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ q EllipticTheta[3, 0, q] QPochhammer[ -q, q^2] QPochhammer[ -q^5] QPochhammer[ q^10]^2, {q, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, Sep 27 2015 *)

a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ (EllipticTheta[3, 0, q]^3 EllipticTheta[3, 0, q^5] - EllipticTheta[3, 0, q] EllipticTheta[3, 0, q^5]^3) / 4, {q, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, Sep 27 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<1, 0, sumdiv(n, d, n/d * kronecker(25, d) * (-1)^((d+2) \ 5) * if(d%4, 1, 5)))};

(PARI) {a(n) = my(A, p, e, f); if( n<1, 0, A = factor(n); prod( k=1, matsize(A)[1], [p, e] = A[k, ]; if( p==2, (2^(e+1) - 5*(-1)^e) / 3, f = kronecker(5, p); (p^(e+1) - f^(e+1)) / (p - f) )))};

(PARI) {a(n) = my(A); if( n<1, 0, n--; A = x * O(x^n); polcoeff( eta(x^2 + A)^7 * eta(x^10 + A)^5 / (eta(x + A)^3 * eta(x^4 + A)^3 * eta(x^5 + A) * eta(x^20 + A)), n))};

CROSSREFS

Cf. A110712, A113185.

Sequence in context: A208608 A209577 A139377 * A110712 A065366 A092879

Adjacent sequences:  A138480 A138481 A138482 * A138484 A138485 A138486

KEYWORD

nonn,mult

AUTHOR

Michael Somos, Mar 20 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 16 23:30 EDT 2019. Contains 328103 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)