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A111774 Numbers that can be written as a sum of at least three consecutive positive integers. 18
6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 72, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 102 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,1
COMMENTS
In this sequence there are no (odd) primes and there are no powers of 2.
So we have only three kinds of natural numbers: the odd primes, the powers of 2 and the numbers that can be represented as a sum of at least three consecutive integers.
Odd primes can only be written as a sum of two consecutive integers. Powers of 2 do not have a representation as a sum of k consecutive integers (other than the trivial n=n, for k=1).
Numbers of the form (x*(x+1)-y*(y+1))/2 for nonnegative integers x,y with x-y >= 3. - Bob Selcoe, Feb 21 2014
Numbers of the form (x + 1)*(x + 2*y)/2 for integers x,y with x >= 2 and y >= 1. For y = 1 only triangular numbers (A000217) >= 6 occur. - Ralf Steiner, Jun 27 2019
From Ralf Steiner, Jul 09 2019: (Start)
If k >= 1 sequences are c_k(n) = c_k(n - 1) + n + k - 1, c_k(0) = 0, means c_k(n) = n*(n + 2*k - 1)/2: A000217, A000096, A055998, A055999, A056000, ... then this sequence is the union of c_k(n), n >= 3. (End)
From Wolfdieter Lang, Oct 28 2020: (Start)
This sequence gives all positive integers that have at least one odd prime as proper divisor. The proof follows from the first two comments.
The set {a(n)}_{n>=1} equals the set {k positive integer : floor(k/2) - delta(k) >= 1}, where delta(k) = A055034(k). Proof: floor(k/2) gives the number of positive odd numbers < k, and delta(k), gives the number of positive odd numbers coprime to k. delta(1) = 1 but 1 is not < 1, therefore k = 1 is not a member of this set. Hence a member >= 2 of this set has at least one odd number > 1 and < k missing in the set of odd numbers relative prime to k. Therefore there exists at least one odd prime < k dividing k. (End)
For the multiplicity of a(n) see A338428, obtained from triangle A337940 (the array is given Bob Selcoe as example below, and in the Ralf Steiner comment above). - Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 09 2020
REFERENCES
Paul Halmos, "Problems for Mathematicians, Young and Old", Dolciani Mathematical Expositions, 1991, Solution to problem 3G p. 179.
LINKS
Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde 5/6 nr. 2 Problems/UWC, Problem C, Jun 2005, p. 181-182.
Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde 5/6 nr. 2 Problems/UWC, Problem C: Solution of this Problem
EXAMPLE
a(1)=6 because 6 is the first number that can be written as a sum of three consecutive positive integers: 6 = 1+2+3.
From Bob Selcoe, Feb 23 2014: (Start)
Let the top row of an array be A000217(n). Let the diagonals (reading down and left) be A000217(n)-A000217(1), A000217(n)-A000217(2), A000217(n)-A000217(3)..., A000217(n)-A000217(n-3). This is A049777 read as a square array, starting with the third column. The array begins as follows:
6 10 15 21 28 36 45 55 66
9 14 20 27 35 44 54 65
12 18 25 33 42 52 63
15 22 30 39 49 60
18 26 35 45 56
21 30 40 51
24 34 45
27 38
30
This is (x*(x+1)-y*(y+1))/2 for nonnegative integers x,y with x-y >= 3, because it is equivalent to 1+2+3/+4/+5/...+x/-0/-1/-2/-3/-4/-5/...-(x+3)/ for all possible strings of consecutive integers, which represents every possible way to sum three or more consecutive positive integers. So for example, 4+5+6+7 = 1+2+3+4+5+6+7-1-2-3 = 22, which is (x*(x+1)-y*(y+1))/2 when x=7, y=3. Notice that values can appear more than once in the array because some numbers can be represented as sums of more than one string of three or more consecutive positive integers. For example, 30 = (x*(x+1)-y*(y+1))/2 when (a) x=11, y=8: 9+10+11; (b) x=9, y=5: 6+7+8+9; and (c) x=8, y=3: 4+5+6+7+8. By definition, x-y is the number of integers in the string. (End)
MAPLE
ispoweroftwo := proc(n) local a, t; t := 1; while (n > t) do t := 2*t end do; if (n = t) then a := true else a := false end if; return a; end proc; f:= proc(n) if (not isprime(n)) and (not ispoweroftwo(n)) then return n end if; end proc; seq(f(i), i = 1..150);
MATHEMATICA
max=6!; lst={}; Do[z=n+(n+1); Do[z+=(n+x); If[z>max, Break[]]; AppendTo[lst, z], {x, 2, max}], {n, max}]; Union[lst] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Mar 06 2010 *)
PROG
(PARI) isok(n) = !(n == 1) && !isprime(n) && !(isprimepower(n, &p) && (p == 2)); \\ Michel Marcus, Jul 02 2019
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A104523 A091886 A333357 * A325170 A325229 A036347
KEYWORD
easy,nonn
AUTHOR
Jaap Spies, Aug 15 2005
STATUS
approved

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Last modified July 24 12:16 EDT 2024. Contains 374583 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)