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A109004 Table of gcd(n,m) read by antidiagonals, n >= 0, m >= 0. 22
0, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 1, 3, 4, 1, 2, 1, 4, 5, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 6, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 6, 7, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 7, 8, 1, 2, 1, 4, 1, 2, 1, 8, 9, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 9, 10, 1, 2, 1, 2, 5, 2, 1, 2, 1, 10, 11, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 11, 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 6, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 12, 13, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 13 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

REFERENCES

L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers. Carnegie Institute Public. 256, Washington, DC, Vol. 1, 1919; Vol. 2, 1920; Vol. 3, 1923, see vol. 1, p. 335.

R. L. Graham, D. E. Knuth and O. Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics, Addison-Wesley, 2nd ed., 1994, ch. 4.

D. E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Addison-Wesley, section 4. 5. 2

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Antidiagonals n = 0..140, flattened

Marcelo Polezzi, A Geometrical Method for Finding an Explicit Formula for the Greatest Common Divisor, The American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 104, No. 5 (May, 1997), pp. 445-446.

FORMULA

a(n, m) = a(m, n) = a(m, n-m) = a(m, n mod m), n >= m.

a(n, m) = n + m - n*m + 2*Sum_{k=1..m-1} floor(k*n/m).

Multiplicative in both parameters with a(p^e, m) = gcd(p^e, m). - David W. Wilson, Jun 12 2005

EXAMPLE

0;

1, 1;

2, 1, 2;

3, 1, 1, 3;

4, 1, 2, 1, 4;

5, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5;

6, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 6;

...

MATHEMATICA

a[n_, m_] := GCD[n, m]; Table[a[n - m, m], {n, 0, 10}, {m, 0, n}]//Flatten (* G. C. Greubel, Jan 04 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n, m) = gcd( n, m)}

(PARI) {a(n, m) = local(x); n = abs(n); m = abs(m); if( !m, n, -2 * sum( k=1, m, x = k * n / m; x - floor( x) - 1/2))} /* Michael Somos, May 22 2011 */

CROSSREFS

Rows, columns and diagonals: A089128, A109007, A109008, A109009, A109010, A109011, A109012, A109013, A109014, A109015.

A003989 is (1, 1) based.

Sequence in context: A137152 A328902 A159335 * A103823 A136642 A080382

Adjacent sequences:  A109001 A109002 A109003 * A109005 A109006 A109007

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,mult,tabl

AUTHOR

Mitch Harris

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 1 00:13 EDT 2021. Contains 346377 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)