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A092921 Array F(k, n) read by descending antidiagonals: k-generalized Fibonacci numbers in row k >= 1, starting (0, 1, 1, ...), for column n >= 0. 19
0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 3, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 5, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 8, 7, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 13, 13, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 21, 24, 15, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 34, 44, 29, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 55, 81, 56, 31, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 89, 149, 108, 61, 32, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1, 0 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,12

COMMENTS

For all k >= 1, the k-generalized Fibonacci number F(k,n) satisfies the recurrence obtained by adding more terms to the recurrence of the Fibonacci numbers.

The number of tilings of an 1 X n rectangle with tiles of size 1 X 1, 1 X 2, ..., 1 X k is F(k,n).

T(k,n) is the number of 0-balanced ordered trees with n edges and height k (height is the number of edges from root to a leaf). - Emeric Deutsch, Jan 19 2007

Brlek et al. (2006) call this table "number of psp-polyominoes with flat bottom". - N. J. A. Sloane, Oct 30 2018

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Antidiagonals n = 0..140, flattened

Srecko Brlek, Andrea Frosini, Simone Rinaldi, and Laurent Vuillon, Tilings by translation: enumeration by a rational language approach, The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, vol. 13, (2006). Table 1 is essentially this array. - N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 20 2014

E. S. Egge, Restricted permutations related to Fibonacci numbers and k-generalized Fibonacci numbers, arXiv:math/0109219 [math.CO], 2001.

E. S. Egge, Restricted 3412-Avoiding Involutions, arXiv:math/0307050 [math.CO], 2003.

E. S. Egge and T. Mansour, Restricted permutations, Fibonacci numbers and k-generalized Fibonacci numbers, arXiv:math/0203226 [math.CO], 2002.

E. S. Egge and T. Mansour, 231-avoiding involutions and Fibonacci numbers, arXiv:math/0209255 [math.CO], 2002.

Nathaniel D. Emerson, A Family of Meta-Fibonacci Sequences Defined by Variable-Order Recursions, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 9 (2006), Article 06.1.8.

Abraham Flaxman, Aram W. Harrow, and Gregory B. Sorkin, Strings with Maximally Many Distinct Subsequences and Substrings, Electronic J. Combinatorics 11 (1) (2004), Paper R8.

I. Flores, k-Generalized Fibonacci numbers, Fib. Quart., 5 (1967), 258-266.

H. Gabai, Generalized Fibonacci k-sequences, Fib. Quart., 8 (1970), 31-38.

R. Kemp, Balanced ordered trees, Random Structures and Alg., 5 (1994), pp. 99-121.

E. P. Miles jr., Generalized Fibonacci numbers and associated matrices, The Amer. Math. Monthly, 67 (1960) 745-752.

M. D. Miller, On generalized Fibonacci numbers, The Amer. Math. Monthly, 78 (1971) 1108-1109.

FORMULA

F(k,n) = F(k,n-1) + F(k,n-2) + ... + F(k,n-k); F(k,1) = 1 and F(k,n) = 0 for n <= 0.

G.f.: x/(1-Sum_{i=1..k} x^i).

F(k,n) = 2^(n-2) for 1 < n <= k+1. - M. F. Hasler, Apr 20 2018

EXAMPLE

From Peter Luschny, Apr 03 2021: (Start)

Array begins:

              n = 0  1  2  3  4  5   6   7   8    9   10

-------------------------------------------------------------

[k=1, mononacci ] 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  1,  1,  1,   1,   1, ...

[k=2, Fibonacci ] 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5,  8, 13, 21,  34,  55, ...

[k=3, tribonacci] 0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 7, 13, 24, 44,  81, 149, ...

[k=4, tetranacci] 0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 29, 56, 108, 208, ...

[k=5, pentanacci] 0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 31, 61, 120, 236, ...

[k=6]             0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 63, 125, 248, ...

[k=7]             0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 127, 253, ...

[k=8]             0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 255, ...

[k=9]             0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, ...

Note that the first parameter in F(k, n) refers to rows, and the second parameter refers to columns. This is always the case. Only the usual naming convention for the indices is not adhered to because it is common to call the row sequences k-bonacci numbers. (End)

.

From Peter Luschny, Aug 12 2015: (Start)

As a triangle counting compositions of n with largest part k:

n\k]| [0][1] [2] [3] [4][5][6][7][8][9]

[0] | [0]

[1] | [0, 1]

[2] | [0, 1,  1]

[3] | [0, 1,  1,  1]

[4] | [0, 1,  2,  1,  1]

[5] | [0, 1,  3,  2,  1, 1]

[6] | [0, 1,  5,  4,  2, 1, 1]

[7] | [0, 1,  8,  7,  4, 2, 1, 1]

[8] | [0, 1, 13, 13,  8, 4, 2, 1, 1]

[9] | [0, 1, 21, 24, 15, 8, 4, 2, 1, 1]

For example for n=7 and k=3 we have the 7 compositions [3, 3, 1], [3, 2, 2], [3, 2, 1, 1], [3, 1, 3], [3, 1, 2, 1], [3, 1, 1, 2], [3, 1, 1, 1, 1].

(End)

MAPLE

F:= proc(k, n) option remember; `if`(n<2, n,

      add(F(k, n-j), j=1..min(k, n)))

    end:

seq(seq(F(k, d+1-k), k=1..d+1), d=0..12);  # Alois P. Heinz, Nov 02 2016

# Based on the above function:

Arow := (k, len) -> seq(F(k, j), j = 0..len):

seq(lprint(Arow(k, 14)), k = 1..10); # Peter Luschny, Apr 03 2021

MATHEMATICA

F[k_, n_] := F[k, n] = If[n<2, n, Sum[F[k, n-j], {j, 1, Min[k, n]}]];

Table[F[k, d+1-k], {d, 0, 12}, {k, 1, d+1}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Jan 11 2017, translated from Maple *)

PROG

(PARI) F(k, n)=if(n<2, if(n<1, 0, 1), sum(i=1, k, F(k, n-i)))

(PARI) T(m, n)=!!n*(matrix(m, m, i, j, j==i+1||i==m)^(n+m-2))[1, m] \\ M. F. Hasler, Apr 20 2018

(PARI) F(k, n) = if(n==0, 0, polcoeff(lift(Mod('x, Pol(vector(k+1, i, if(i==1, 1, -1))))^(n+k-2)), k-1)); \\ Kevin Ryde, Jun 05 2020

(Sage)

# As a triangle of compositions of n with largest part k.

C = lambda n, k: Compositions(n, max_part=k, inner=[k]).cardinality()

for n in (0..9): [C(n, k) for k in (0..n)] # Peter Luschny, Aug 12 2015

CROSSREFS

Columns converge to A166444: each column n converges to A166444(n) = 2^(n-2).

Rows 1-8 are (shifted) A057427, A000045, A000073, A000078, A001591, A001592, A066178, A079262.

Essentially a reflected version of A048887.

See A048004 and A126198 for closely related arrays.

Cf. A066099.

Sequence in context: A129353 A174295 A158511 * A191607 A029387 A070878

Adjacent sequences:  A092918 A092919 A092920 * A092922 A092923 A092924

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Ralf Stephan, Apr 17 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 24 00:13 EDT 2022. Contains 353993 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)