login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A092553 Decimal expansion of 1/e^2. 13
1, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 2, 8, 3, 2, 3, 6, 6, 1, 2, 6, 9, 1, 8, 9, 3, 9, 9, 9, 4, 9, 4, 9, 7, 2, 4, 8, 4, 4, 0, 3, 4, 0, 7, 6, 3, 1, 5, 4, 5, 9, 0, 9, 5, 7, 5, 8, 8, 1, 4, 6, 8, 1, 5, 8, 8, 7, 2, 6, 5, 4, 0, 7, 3, 3, 7, 4, 1, 0, 1, 4, 8, 7, 6, 8, 9, 9, 3, 7, 0, 9, 8, 1, 2, 2, 4, 9, 0, 6, 5, 7, 0, 4, 8, 7, 5, 5, 0, 7, 7 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
Consider a substrate (such as polyvinyl alcohol or in forming the polymer of methyl vinyl ketone) in a "1,3 configuration" in which substituents branching off the substrate can irreversibly join with neighboring substituents unless the neighbor is already joined to its other neighbor. Then this constant is the fraction of joined substituents on an infinite substrate.
This also applies to reversible reactions when the rate of forward reaction is much faster than that of backward reaction; see Flory p. 1518 footnote 5. This had "satisfactory accord" with his experimental data using methyl vinyl ketone polymer for which the experimentally-obtained percentage was 0.15.
(A 1,k configuration is a substituent branching off a carbon atom, k-2 intermediate carbon atoms, and substituent branching off a carbon atom.) - Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 30 2012
Also the probability, as n increases without bound, that a permutation of length n is simple: no intervals of length 1 < k < n (an interval of a permutation s is a set of contiguous numbers which in s have consecutive indices). - Charles R Greathouse IV, May 14 2014
LINKS
M. H. Albert, M. D. Atkinson and M. Klazar, The enumeration of simple permutations, J. Integer Seq. 6 (2003) 03.4.4. arXiv:math/0304213.
R. Brignall, A survey of simple permutations, Permutation Patterns, ed. S. Linton, N. Ruškuc and V. Vatter, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2010, pp. 41—65; arXiv:0801.0963.
Paul J. Flory, Intramolecular reaction between neighboring substituents of vinyl polymers, Journal of the American Chemical Society 61:6 (1939), pp. 1518-1521.
FORMULA
From Peter Bala, Oct 27 2019: (Start)
1/e^2 = Sum_{k >= 0} (-2)^k/k!.
This is the case n = 0 of the following series acceleration formulas:
1/e^2 = n!*2^n*Sum_{k >= 0} (-2)^k/(k!*R(n,k)*R(n,k+1)), n = 0,1,2,..., where R(n,x) = Sum_{k = 0..n} (-1)^k*binomial(n,k)*k!*2^(n-k)*binomial(-x,k) are the (unsigned) row polynomials of A137346. Cf. A094816. (End)
EXAMPLE
0.1353352832366...
MATHEMATICA
RealDigits[N[1/E^2, 200]] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, May 27 2010 *)
PROG
(PARI) exp(-2) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 30 2012
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A251754 A225581 A275391 * A112755 A239278 A284721
KEYWORD
cons,nonn
AUTHOR
Mohammad K. Azarian, Apr 09 2004
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified June 22 15:32 EDT 2024. Contains 373587 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)