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 A284721 Smallest odd prime that is relatively prime to 2n+1. 3
 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 11, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3, 5 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,1 COMMENTS More than the usual number of terms are shown in order to distinguish this from A239278. a(n) = smallest odd prime missing from rad(2*n+1). If rad(2m+1) = rad(2n+1), a(m) = a(n) (cf. A007947). - Bob Selcoe, Apr 04 2017 LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=0..100. FORMULA a(n) = 3 unless n == 1 (mod 3). For all n >= 2, a(n) < 3*log(2*n+1). Also, for all n >= 1, a(n) < 5*log(2*n+1). [Upper bound corrected by N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 15 2017. Thanks to Bob Selcoe for pointing out that the old bound failed at n=1.] Asymptotic mean: Limit_{m->oo} (1/m) * Sum_{k=1..m} a(k) = 2 * Sum_{k>=2} (prime(k) * (1/prime(k-1)# - 1/prime(k)#)) = 3.84010195463226942418..., where prime(k)# = A002110(k). - Amiram Eldar, Dec 09 2023 MATHEMATICA a[n_] := Module[{p = 3}, While[Divisible[2*n + 1, p], p = NextPrime[p]]; p]; Array[a, 100, 0] (* Amiram Eldar, Dec 09 2023 *) PROG (PARI) a(n) = my(p=3); while(gcd(2*n+1, p) != 1, p=nextprime(p+1)); p; \\ Michel Marcus, Apr 04 2017 CROSSREFS Similar to but different from A239278. Cf. A002110, A007947, A284722, A284723. Sequence in context: A092553 A112755 A239278 * A126659 A246917 A102294 Adjacent sequences: A284718 A284719 A284720 * A284722 A284723 A284724 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 04 2017 STATUS approved

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Last modified June 20 22:01 EDT 2024. Contains 373532 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)