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 A086893 a(n) is the index of F(n+1) at the unique occurrence of the ordered pair of reversed consecutive terms (F(n+1),F(n)) in Stern's diatomic sequence A002487, where F(k) denotes the k-th term of the Fibonacci sequence A000045. 13
 1, 3, 5, 13, 21, 53, 85, 213, 341, 853, 1365, 3413, 5461, 13653, 21845, 54613, 87381, 218453, 349525, 873813, 1398101, 3495253, 5592405, 13981013, 22369621, 55924053, 89478485, 223696213, 357913941, 894784853, 1431655765, 3579139413 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS If the Fibonacci pairs are kept in the natural order (F(n),F(n+1)), it appears that the first term of the pair occurs in A002487 at the index given by A061547(n). Equals row sums of triangle A177954. - Gary W. Adamson, May 15 2010 Starting at n=3, begin subtracting from (2^(n-1)-1)/2^(n-1): 3/4 - 1/2 = 1/4 with 1+4=5=a(3); 7/8 - 1/4 = 5/8 with 5+8=13=a(4); 15/16 - 5/8 = 5/16 with 5+16=21= a(5); 31/32 - 5/16 = 21/32 with 21+32=53=a(6); 63/64 - 21/32 = 21/64 with 21+64=85=a(7) and so on. For n odd in the first fraction (2^(n-1)-1)/2^(n-1), the result approaches 1/3, and for n even in the first fraction, the result approaches 2/3. - J. M. Bergot, May 08 2015 Also, the decimal representation of the x-axis, from the left edge to the origin, of the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 678", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood, initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero. See A283641. - Robert Price, Mar 12 2017 LINKS A. J. Macfarlane, Generating functions for integer sequences defined by the evolution of cellular automata..., Fig. 12. FORMULA It appears that a(n)=(4^((n+1)/2)-1)/3 if n is odd and a(n)=(a(n-1)+a(n+1))/2 if n is even. G.f.: (1+2*x-2*x^2)/((1-x)*(1-4*x^2)); a(n) = 2^(n-1)(3-(-1)^n/3)-1/3 (offset 0); a(n) = Sum{k=0..n+1, 4^floor(k/2)/2} (offset 0); a(2n) = A002450(n+1) (offset 0); a(2n+1) = A072197(n) (offset 0). - Paul Barry, May 21 2004 a(n+2) = 4*a(n) + 1, a(1) = 1, a(2) = 3, n > 0. - Yosu Yurramendi, Mar 07 2017 a(n+1) = a(n) + A158302(n), a(1) = 1, n > 0. - Yosu Yurramendi, Mar 07 2017 EXAMPLE A002487 begins 0,1,1,2,1,3,2,... with offset 0. Thus a(1)=1 since (F(2),F(1)) = (1,1) occurs at term 1 of A002487. Similarly, a(2)=3 and a(3)=5, since (F(3),F(2))=(2,1) occurs at term 3 and (F(4),F(3))=(3,2) at term 5 of A002487. MATHEMATICA f[n_] := Module[{a = 1, b = 0, m = n}, While[m > 0, If[OddQ@ m, b = a + b, a = a + b]; m = Floor[m/2]]; b]; a = Table[f[n], {n, 0, 10^6}]; b = Reverse /@ Partition[Map[Fibonacci, Range[Ceiling@ Log[GoldenRatio, Max@ a] + 1]], 2, 1]; Map[If[Length@ # > 0, #[[1, 1]] - 1, 0] &@ SequencePosition[a, #] &, b] (* Michael De Vlieger, Mar 15 2017, Version 10.1, after Jean-François Alcover at A002487 *) PROG (PARI) a(n)=if(n%2, 2^(n+1), 2^(n+1)+2^(n-1))\3 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, May 08 2015 (MAGMA) [2^(n-1)*(3-(-1)^n/3)-1/3: n in [0..35]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, May 09 2015 CROSSREFS Cf. A000045, A002450, A002487, A061547, A072197, A077954, A283641. Sequence in context: A283583 A283701 A284538 * A284425 A284546 A283646 Adjacent sequences:  A086890 A086891 A086892 * A086894 A086895 A086896 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR John W. Layman, Sep 18 2003 EXTENSIONS More terms from Paul Barry, May 21 2004 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 3 12:16 EST 2021. Contains 349462 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)