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A069768 Signature-permutation of Catalan bijection "Knack". 32
0, 1, 3, 2, 8, 7, 6, 4, 5, 22, 21, 20, 17, 18, 19, 16, 14, 9, 10, 15, 11, 12, 13, 64, 63, 62, 58, 59, 61, 57, 54, 45, 46, 55, 48, 49, 50, 60, 56, 53, 44, 47, 51, 42, 37, 23, 24, 38, 25, 26, 27, 52, 43, 39, 28, 29, 40, 30, 31, 32, 41, 33, 34, 35, 36, 196, 195, 194, 189, 190 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

This automorphism of binary trees first swaps the left and right subtree of the root and then proceeds recursively to the (new) left subtree, to do the same operation there. This is one of those Catalan bijections which extend to a unique automorphism of the infinite binary tree, which in this case is A153142. See further comments there and in A153141.

This bijection, Knack, is a ENIPS-transformation of the simple swap: ENIPS(*A069770) (i.e., row 1 of A122204). Furthermore, Knack and Knick (the inverse, A069767) have a special property, that FORK and KROF transforms (explained in A122201 and A122202) transform them to their own inverses, i.e., to each other: FORK(Knick) = KROF(Knick) = Knack and FORK(Knack) = KROF(Knack) = Knick, thus this occurs also as row 1 in A122288 and naturally, the double-fork fixes both, e.g., FORK(FORK(Knack)) = Knack.

Note: the name in Finnish is "Naks".

REFERENCES

A. Karttunen, paper in preparation.

LINKS

A. Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..2055

Index entries for signature-permutations induced by Catalan bijections

PROG

(Scheme implementations of this automorphism. These act on S-expressions, i.e. list-structures:)

(CONSTRUCTIVE VERSION:) (define (*A069768 s) (cond ((not (pair? s)) s) (else (cons (*A069768 (cdr s)) (car s)))))

(DESTRUCTIVE VERSION:) (define (*A069768! s) (cond ((pair? s) (*A069768! (cdr s)) (*A069770! s))) s)

CROSSREFS

Inverse permutation: "Knick", A069767. "n-th powers" (i.e. n-fold applications), from n=2 to 6: A073291, A073293, A073295, A073297, A073299.

In range [A014137(n-1)..A014138(n-1)] of this permutation, the number of cycles is A073431, number of fixed points: A036987 (Fixed points themselves: A084108), Max. cycle size & LCM of all cycle sizes: A011782. See also: A074080.

A127302(a(n)) = A127302(n) for all n. a(n) = A057162(A057508(n)) = A069769(A057162(n))

Row 1 of A122204 and A122288, row 21 of A122285 and A130402, row 8 of A073200.

See also bijections A073287, A082346, A082347, A082350, A130342.

Sequence in context: A073292 A073297 A127377 * A122301 A086425 A122354

Adjacent sequences:  A069765 A069766 A069767 * A069769 A069770 A069771

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Antti Karttunen, Apr 16 2002; entry revised Dec 20 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 18 12:00 EDT 2019. Contains 327170 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)