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A049804 a(n) = n mod 4 + n mod 16 + ... + n mod 4^k, where 4^k <= n < 4^(k+1). 5
0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 2, 4, 6, 4, 6, 8, 10, 8, 10, 12, 14, 12, 14, 16, 18, 0, 2, 4, 6, 4, 6, 8, 10, 8, 10, 12, 14, 12, 14, 16, 18, 0, 2, 4, 6, 4, 6, 8, 10, 8, 10, 12, 14, 12, 14, 16, 18, 0, 3, 6, 9, 8, 11, 14, 17, 16, 19, 22 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,6

COMMENTS

From Petros Hadjicostas, Dec 11 2019: (Start)

Conjecture: For b >= 2, consider the function s(n,b) = Sum_{1 <= b^j <= n} (n mod b^j) from p. 8 in Dearden et al. (2011). Then s(b*n + r, b) = b*s(n,b) + r*N(n,b) for 0 <= r <= b-1, where N(n,b) = floor(log_b(n)) + 1 is the number of digits in the base-b representation of n. As initial conditions, we have s(n,b) = 0 for 1 <= n <= b. (This is a generalization of a result by Robert Israel in A049802.)

Here b = 4 and a(n) = s(n,4).

We have N(n,2) = A070939(n), N(n,3) = A081604(n), N(n,4) = A110591(n), and N(n,5) = A110592(n).

If A_b(x) = Sum_{n >= 1} s(n,b)*x^n is the g.f. of the sequence (s(n,b): n >= 1) and the above conjecture is correct, then it can be proved that A_b(x) = b * A_b(x^b) * (1-x^b)/(1-x) + x * ((b-1)*x^b - b*x^(b-1) + 1)/((1-x)^2 * (1-x^b)) * Sum_{k >= 1} x^(b^k). (End)

LINKS

Metin Sariyar, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..32000

B. Dearden, J. Iiams, and J. Metzger, A Function Related to the Rumor Sequence Conjecture, J. Int. Seq. 14 (2011), #11.2.3, Example 7.

FORMULA

From Petros Hadjicostas, Dec 11 2019: (Start)

Conjecture: a(4*n+r) = 4*a(n) + r*A110591(n) = 4*a(n) + r*(floor(log_4(n)) + 1) for n >= 1 and r = 0, 1, 2, 3.

If the conjecture above is true, the g.f. A(x) satisfies A(x) = 4*(1 + x + x^2 + x^3)*A(x^4) + x*(1 + 2*x + 3*x^2)/(1 - x^4) * Sum_{k >= 1} x^(4^k). (End)

MAPLE

a:= n-> add(irem(n, 4^j), j=1..ilog[4](n)):

seq(a(n), n=1..105);  # Petros Hadjicostas, Dec 13 2019 (after Alois P. Heinz's program for A330358)

MATHEMATICA

Table[n * Floor@Log[4, n] - Sum[Floor[n*4^-k]*4^k, {k, Log[4, n]}], {n, 100}] (* Metin Sariyar, Dec 12 2019 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = sum(k=1, logint(n, 4), n % 4^k); \\ Michel Marcus, Dec 12 2019

CROSSREFS

Cf. A049802, A049803, A070939, A081604, A110591, A110592, A330358.

Sequence in context: A276335 A189480 A010873 * A277904 A132387 A309954

Adjacent sequences:  A049801 A049802 A049803 * A049805 A049806 A049807

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 17 02:22 EST 2020. Contains 331976 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)