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A003182 Dedekind numbers: inequivalent monotone Boolean functions of n or fewer variables, or antichains of subsets of an n-set.
(Formerly M0729)
2, 3, 5, 10, 30, 210, 16353, 490013148, 1392195548889993358 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)



NP-equivalence classes of unate Boolean functions of n or fewer variables.

Also the number of simple games with n players in minimal winning form up to isomorphism. - Fabián Riquelme, Mar 13 2018

The labeled case is A000372. - Gus Wiseman, Feb 23 2019

First differs from A348260(n + 1) at a(5) = 210, A348260(6) = 233. - Gus Wiseman, Nov 28 2021

Pawelski & Szepietowski show that a(n) = A001206(n) (mod 2) and that a(9) = 6 (mod 210). - Charles R Greathouse IV, Feb 16 2023


I. Anderson, Combinatorics of Finite Sets. Oxford Univ. Press, 1987, p. 38.

Arocha, Jorge Luis (1987) "Antichains in ordered sets" [ In Spanish ]. Anales del Instituto de Matematicas de la Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico 27: 1-21.

J. Berman, Free spectra of 3-element algebras, in R. S. Freese and O. C. Garcia, editors, Universal Algebra and Lattice Theory (Puebla, 1982), Lect. Notes Math. Vol. 1004, 1983.

G. Birkhoff, Lattice Theory. American Mathematical Society, Colloquium Publications, Vol. 25, 3rd ed., Providence, RI, 1967, p. 63.

L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 273.

M. A. Harrison, Introduction to Switching and Automata Theory. McGraw Hill, NY, 1965, p. 188.

D. E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 4A, Section 7.1.1, p. 79.

W. F. Lunnon, The IU function: the size of a free distributive lattice, pp. 173-181 of D. J. A. Welsh, editor, Combinatorial Mathematics and Its Applications. Academic Press, NY, 1971.

S. Muroga, Threshold Logic and Its Applications. Wiley, NY, 1971, p. 38, Table 2.3.2. - Row 13.

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

D. H. Wiedemann, personal communication.


Table of n, a(n) for n=0..8.

K. S. Brown, Dedekind's problem

Patrick De Causmaecker and Stefan De Wannemacker, On the number of antichains of sets in a finite universe, arXiv:1407.4288 [math.CO], 2014.

Liviu Ilinca, and Jeff Kahn, Counting maximal antichains and independent sets, arXiv:1202.4427 [math.CO], 2012; Order 30.2 (2013): 427-435.

J. L. King, Brick tiling and monotone Boolean functions

D. J. Kleitman, On Dedekind's problem: The number of monotone Boolean functions, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 21 1969 677-682.

D. J. Kleitman and G. Markowsky, On Dedekind's problem: the number of isotone Boolean functions. II, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 213 (1975), 373-390.

S. Kurz, Competitive learning of monotone Boolean functions, arXiv:1401.8135 [cs.DS], 2014.

C. L. Mallows, Emails to N. J. A. Sloane, Jun-Jul 1991

Mikaël Monet and Dan Olteanu, Towards Deterministic Decomposable Circuits for Safe Queries, 2018.

S. Muroga, Threshold Logic and Its Applications, Wiley, NY, 1971 [Annotated scans of a few pages]

Bartlomiej Pawelski, On the number of inequivalent monotone Boolean functions of 8 variables, arXiv:2108.13997 [math.CO], 2021. See Table 2 p. 2.

Bartlomiej Pawelski and Andrzej Szepietowski, Divisibility properties of Dedekind numbers, arXiv:2302.04615 [math.CO], 2023.

Tamon Stephen and Timothy Yusun, Counting inequivalent monotone Boolean functions, Discrete Applied Mathematics, 167 (2014), 15-24.

Tamon Stephen and Timothy Yusun, Counting inequivalent monotone Boolean functions, arXiv preprint arXiv:1209.4623 [cs.DS], 2012.

Andrzej Szepietowski, Fixes of permutations acting on monotone Boolean functions, arXiv:2205.03868 [math.CO], 2022. See p. 17.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Boolean Function.

Gus Wiseman, Sequences enumerating clutters, antichains, hypertrees, and hyperforests, organized by labeling, spanning, and allowance of singletons.

Index entries for sequences related to Boolean functions


a(n) = A306505(n) + 1. - Gus Wiseman, Jul 02 2019


From Gus Wiseman, Feb 20 2019: (Start)

Non-isomorphic representatives of the a(0) = 2 through a(3) = 10 antichains:

{} {} {} {}

{{}} {{}} {{}} {{}}

{{1}} {{1}} {{1}}

{{1,2}} {{1,2}}

{{1},{2}} {{1},{2}}








Cf. A000372, A007153, A006602, A007411.

Cf. A006126, A014466, A261005, A293606, A293993, A304996, A305000, A305857, A306505, A319721, A320449, A321679.

Cf. A007363, A046165, A306007, A307249, A326358, A326363.

Sequence in context: A003504 A213169 A330333 * A348260 A344347 A134294

Adjacent sequences: A003179 A003180 A003181 * A003183 A003184 A003185




N. J. A. Sloane


a(7) added by Timothy Yusun, Sep 27 2012

a(8) from Pawelski added by Michel Marcus, Sep 01 2021



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Last modified March 22 18:15 EDT 2023. Contains 361432 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)