

A005374


Hofstadter Hsequence: a(n)=na(a(a(n1))).
(Formerly M0449)


15



0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7, 7, 8, 9, 10, 10, 11, 12, 13, 13, 14, 14, 15, 16, 17, 17, 18, 18, 19, 20, 20, 21, 22, 23, 23, 24, 24, 25, 26, 26, 27, 28, 29, 29, 30, 31, 32, 32, 33, 33, 34, 35, 35, 36, 37, 38, 38, 39, 40, 41, 41, 42, 42, 43, 44, 45, 45, 46, 46, 47, 48, 48, 49, 50
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OFFSET

0,4


COMMENTS

Rule for constructing the sequence: a(n) = An, where An denotes the Lamé antecessor to (or right shift of) n, which is found by replacing each Lm(i) in the Zeckendorffian expansion (obtained by repeatedly subtracting the largest Lamé number (A000930) you can until nothing remains) by Lm(i1) (A1=1). For example: 58 = 41 + 13 + 4, so a(58)= 28 + 9 + 3 = 40.
From Albert Neumueller (albert.neu(AT)gmail.com), Sep 28 2006: (Start)
As is shown on page 137 of Goedel, Escher, Bach, a recursively built tree structure can be obtained from this sequence:
20.21..22..23.24.25.26.27.28
.\./.../.../...\./...\./../
..14.15..16....17....18..19
...\./.../..../.......\./
....10.11...12........13
.....\./.../........./
......7...8........9.
.......\./......./
........5......6
.........\.../
...........4
........../
.........3
......../
.......2
....\./
.....1
To construct the tree: node n is connected to the node a(n) below it:
...n
../
a(n)
For example:
...8
../
.5
since a(8) = 5. If the nodes of the tree are read from bottomtotop, lefttoright, we obtain the natural numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ...
The tree has a recursive structure, since the following construct
....../
.....x
..../
...x
\./
.x
can be repeatedly added on top of its own ends, to construct the tree from its root: E.g.,
................../
.................x
................/
...............x
......../...\./
.......x.....x
....../...../
.....x.....x
..\./...../
...x.....x
....\.../
......x (End)


REFERENCES

D. R. Hofstadter, Goedel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid, Random House, 1980, p. 137.
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).


LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000
Benoit Cloitre, Plot of a(n)c*n where c=0.6823278...
Nick Hobson, Python program for this sequence
D. R. Hofstadter, EtaLore [Cached copy, with permission]
D. R. Hofstadter, PiMu Sequences [Cached copy, with permission]
D. R. Hofstadter and N. J. A. Sloane, Correspondence, 1977 and 1991
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Hofstadter HSequence
Wikipedia, Hofstadter sequence
Index entries for Hofstadtertype sequences
Index entries for sequences from "Goedel, Escher, Bach"


FORMULA

Conjecture: a(n) = floor(c*n) + 0 or 1, where c is the real root of x^3+x1 = 0, c=0.682327803828019327369483739...  Benoit Cloitre, Nov 05 2002
Equals = A020942  2*A064105 + A064106 = 2*A020942  A064105  A001477. [Daniel Platt points out that there must be an error in this formula, since it fails for n=30: H(30)=20, A020942(30)=93, A064105(30)=131, A064106(30)=186, A001477(30)=30. Hence 20=932*131+186=2*9313130 <=> 20=17=25. Sep 11 2009]
Also: a(n) = a(n1) + 1 if n1 belongs to sequence A064105A020942A000012, a(n1) otherwise.
Recurrence: a(n) = a(n1) if n1 belongs to sequence A020942, a(n1) + 1 otherwise.
Recurrence for n>=3: a(n) = Lm(k1) + a(nLm(k)), where Lm(n) denotes Lamé sequence A000930(n) (Lm(n) = Lm(n1) + Lm(n3)) and k is such that Lm(k)< n <= Lm(k+1). Special case: a(Lm(n)) = Lm(n1) for n>=1.
For n > 0: a(A136495(n)) = n.  Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 17 2011


MAPLE

A005374 := proc(n) option remember: if n<1 then 0 else nA005374(A005374(A005374(n1))) fi end: # Francisco Salinas (franciscodesalinas(AT)hotmail.com), Jan 06 2002
H:=proc(n) option remember; if n=1 then 1 else nH(H(H(n1))); fi; end proc;


MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := a[n] = n  a[a[a[n1]]]; a[0] = 0; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 73}] (* JeanFrançois Alcover, Jul 28 2011 *)


PROG

(Haskell)
a005374 n = a005374_list !! n
a005374_list = 0 : 1 : zipWith ()
[2..] (map (a005374 . a005374) $ tail a005374_list)
 Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 17 2011


CROSSREFS

Cf. A202340, A202341, A202342.
Sequence in context: A225553 A039733 A179510 * A206767 A071991 A096336
Adjacent sequences: A005371 A005372 A005373 * A005375 A005376 A005377


KEYWORD

nonn,nice,changed


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane


EXTENSIONS

More terms from James A. Sellers, Jul 12 2000
Additional comments and formulae from Diego Torres (torresvillarroel(AT)hotmail.com), Nov 23 2002


STATUS

approved



