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 A000729 Expansion of Product_{k >= 1} (1 - x^k)^6. (Formerly M4076 N1691) 13
 1, -6, 9, 10, -30, 0, 11, 42, 0, -70, 18, -54, 49, 90, 0, -22, -60, 0, -110, 0, 81, 180, -78, 0, 130, -198, 0, -182, -30, 90, 121, 84, 0, 0, 210, 0, -252, -102, -270, 170, 0, 0, -69, 330, 0, -38, 420, 0, -190, -390, 0, -108, 0, 0, 0, -300, 99, 442, 210, 0, 418, -294, 0, 0, -510, 378, -540, 138, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS This is Glaisher's function lambda(m). It appears to be defined only for odd m, and lambda(4t-1) = 0 (t >= 1), lambda(4t+1) = a(t) (t >= 0). - N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 25 2018 Ramanujan theta functions: f(q) (see A121373), phi(q) (A000122), psi(q) (A010054), chi(q) (A000700). Number 36 of the 74 eta-quotients listed in Table I of Martin (1996). Dickson, v.2, p. 295 briefly states a result of Glaisher, 1883, pp 212-215. This result is that a(n) is the sum over all solutions of 16*n + 4 = x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 in nonnegative odd integers of chi(x) and is also the sum over all solutions of 8*n + 2 = x^2 + y^2 in nonnegative odd integers of chi(x) * chi(y) where chi(x) = x if x == 1 (mod 4) and -x if x == 3 (mod 4). [Michael Somos, Jun 18 2012] Denoted by g_3(q) in Cynk and Hulek on page 8 as the unique weight 3 Hecke eigenform of level 16 with complex multiplication by i. - Michael Somos, Aug 24 2012 This is a member of an infinite family of integer weight modular forms. g_1 = A008441, g_2 = A002171, g_3 = A000729, g_4 = A215601, g_5 = A215472. - Michael Somos, Aug 24 2012 REFERENCES L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers. Carnegie Institute Public. 256, Washington, DC, Vol. 1, 1919; Vol. 2, 1920; Vol. 3, 1923, see vol. 2, p. 295, and vol. 3, p. 134. J. W. L. Glaisher, On the representations of a number as a sum of four squares, and on some allied arithmetical functions, Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 36 (1905), 305-358. See page 340. Glaisher, J. W. L. (1906). The arithmetical functions P(m), Q(m), Omega{m). Quart. J. Math, 37, 36-48. Newman, Morris; A table of the coefficients of the powers of eta(tau). Nederl. Akad. Wetensch. Proc. Ser. A. 59 = Indag. Math. 18 (1956), 204-216. N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence). N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence). LINKS Seiichi Manyama, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000 M. Boylan, Exceptional congruences for the coefficients of certain eta-product newforms, J. Number Theory 98 (2003), no. 2, 377-389. MR1955423 (2003k:11071) S. Cynk and K. Hulek, Construction and examples of higher-dimensional modular Calabi-Yau manifolds, arXiv:math/0509424 [math.AG], 2005-2006. S. R. Finch, Powers of Euler's q-Series, arXiv:math/0701251 [math.NT], 2007. J. W. L. Glaisher, Note on the Compositions of a Number as a Sum of Two and Four Uneven Squares, Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 19 (1883), 212-215. J. W. L. Glaisher, On the function chi(n), Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 20 (1884), 97-167. J. W. L. Glaisher, On the function chi(n), Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 20 (1884), 97-167. [Annotated scanned copy] J. W. L. Glaisher, On the representations of a number as the sum of two, four, six, eight, ten, and twelve squares, Quart. J. Math. 38 (1907), 1-62 (see p. 5). Y. Martin, Multiplicative eta-quotients, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 348 (1996), no. 12, 4825-4856, see page 4852 Table I. S. Milne and V. Leininger, Some new infinite families of eta function identities, Methods and Applications of Analysis 6 (1999), 225--248. M. Newman, A table of the coefficients of the powers of eta(tau), Nederl. Akad. Wetensch. Proc. Ser. A. 59 = Indag. Math. 18 (1956), 204-216. [Annotated scanned copy] Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Ramanujan Theta Functions FORMULA Expansion of q^(-1/4)/16 * theta_2(q)^4 * theta_3(q) * theta_4(q) in powers of q. - [Dickson, v. 3, p. 134] from Stieltjes footnote 160. Michael Somos, Jun 18 2012 Expansion of q^(-1/2) / 4 * k * k' * (K / (pi/2))^3 in powers of q^2 where k, k', K are Jacobi elliptic functions. - Michael Somos, Jun 22 2012 G.f.: Product_{k>0}(1 - x^k)^6. Given g.f. A(x), then A(q^4) = f(-q^4)^6 = phi(q) * phi(-q) * psi(q^2)^4 where phi(), psi(), f() are Ramanujan theta functions. - Michael Somos, Aug 23 2006 a(n) = b(4*n + 1) where b(n) is multiplicative with b(2^e) = 0^e, b(p^e) = p^e * (1 + (-1)^e) / 2 if p == 3 (mod 4), b(p^e) = b(p) * b(p^(e-1)) - b(p^(e-2)) * p^2 if p == 1 (mod 4) and b(p) = (-1)^y * (x^2 - y^2) where p = x^2 + y^2. - Michael Somos, Aug 23 2006 G.f. is a period 1 Fourier series which satisfies f(-1 / (16 t)) = 64 (t/i)^3 f(t) where q = exp(2 Pi i t). - Michael Somos, Aug 24 2012 G.f.: Sum_{k>=0} a(k) * x^(4*k + 1) = (1/2) * Sum_{u,v in Z} (u*u - 4*v*v) * x^(u*u + 4*v*v). - Michael Somos, Jun 14 2007 G.f.: eta(x)^6 = Sum_{n>=0} (1+2n)^2*x^(n^2+n) + 2*Sum_{n>=0,k>=1} (1 + 4(n^2+n-k^2))*x^(n^2+n+k^2) - from the Milne and Leininger reference. [Paul D. Hanna, Mar 15 2010] a(0) = 1, a(n) = -(6/n)*Sum_{k=1..n} A000203(k)*a(n-k) for n > 0. - Seiichi Manyama, Mar 26 2017 G.f.: exp(-6*Sum_{k>=1} x^k/(k*(1 - x^k))). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Feb 05 2018 EXAMPLE G.f. = 1 - 6*x + 9*x^2 + 10*x^3 - 30*x^4 + 11*x^6 + 42*x^7 - 70*x^9 + 18*x^10 + ... G.f. = q - 6*q^5 + 9*q^9 + 10*q^13 - 30*q^17 + 11*q^25 + 42*q^29 - 70*q^37 + ... MATHEMATICA a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ 1/16 EllipticTheta[ 4, 0, q] EllipticTheta[ 2, 0, q]^4 EllipticTheta[ 3, 0, q], {q, 0, 4 n + 1}]; (* Michael Somos, Jun 18 2012 *) a[ n_] := If[ n < 0, 0, With[ {m = Sqrt[ 16 n + 4]}, SeriesCoefficient[ Sum[ Mod[k, 2] q^k^2, {k, m}]^3 Sum[ KroneckerSymbol[ -4, k] k q^k^2, {k, m}], {q, 0, 16 n + 4}]]]; (* Michael Somos, Jun 12 2012 *) a[ n_] := With[ {m = InverseEllipticNomeQ @ q}, SeriesCoefficient[ Sqrt[(1 - m) m ] (EllipticK[m] 2/Pi)^3 / (4 q^(1/2)), {q, 0, 2 n}]]; (* Michael Somos, Jun 22 2012 *) a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ Product[ 1 - x^k, {k, n}]^6, {x, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, May 17 2015 *) a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ QPochhammer[ x]^6, {x, 0, n}]; (* Michael Somos, May 17 2015 *) a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ (-1/4) EllipticThetaPrime[ 1, -Pi/4, q] EllipticTheta[ 1, -Pi/4, q]^3, {q, 0, 4 n + 1}]; (* Michael Somos, May 17 2015 *) a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ (-1/16) EllipticThetaPrime[ 1, 0, q] EllipticTheta[ 1, -Pi/2, q]^3, {q, 0, 4 n + 1}]; (* Michael Somos, May 17 2015 *) PROG (PARI) {a(n) = my(A); if( n<0, 0, A = x * O(x^n); polcoeff( eta(x + A)^6, n))}; (PARI) {a(n) = my(A, p, e, x, y, a0, a1); if( n<0, 0, n = 4*n + 1; A = factor(n); prod( k=1, matsize(A)[1], [p, e] = A[k, ]; if( p==2, 0, p%4==3, if( e%2, 0, p^e), for( i=1, sqrtint(p\2), if( issquare( p - i^2, &y), x=i; break)); a0=1; a1 = y = 2*(x^2 - y^2) * (-1)^y; for( i=2, e, x = y*a1 - p^2*a0; a0=a1; a1=x); a1)))}; /* Michael Somos, Aug 21 2006 */ (PARI) {a(n)=local(tn=(sqrtint(8*n+1)+1)\2); polcoeff(sum(m=0, tn, (1+2*m)^2*x^(m^2+m)+x*O(x^n)) + 2*sum(m=0, tn, sum(k=1, tn, (1+4*(m^2+m-k^2))*x^(m^2+m+k^2)+x*O(x^n))), n)} /* Paul D. Hanna, Mar 15 2010 */ (MAGMA) A := Basis( ModularForms( Gamma1(16), 3), 274); A[2] - 6*A[6] + 9*A[10] + 10*A[14] - 30*A[18]; /* Michael Somos, May 17 2015 */ (MAGMA) A := Basis( CuspForms( Gamma1(16), 3), 274); A[1] - 6*A[5]; /* Michael Somos, Jan 09 2017 */ CROSSREFS Sequence in context: A051221 A029843 A209941 * A280666 A282937 A106248 Adjacent sequences:  A000726 A000727 A000728 * A000730 A000731 A000732 KEYWORD easy,sign AUTHOR STATUS approved

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Last modified March 30 19:49 EDT 2020. Contains 333127 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)