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A343025 Numbers k such that there are at least 2 cyclic cubic fields with discriminant k^2. 7
63, 91, 117, 133, 171, 217, 247, 259, 279, 301, 333, 387, 403, 427, 469, 481, 511, 549, 553, 559, 589, 603, 657, 679, 703, 711, 721, 763, 793, 817, 819, 871, 873, 889, 927, 949, 973, 981, 1027, 1057, 1099, 1141, 1143, 1147, 1159, 1197, 1251, 1261, 1267 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

It makes no difference if the word "cyclic" is omitted from the title because a cubic field is cyclic if and only if its discriminant is a square.

Numbers k such that A160498(k) >= 4.

Terms in A343001 that are not 9 or a prime.

Different from A343002 since a(31) = 819 = 7*9*13.

In general, there are exactly 2^(t-1) (cyclic) cubic fields with discriminant k^2 if and only if k is of the form (p_1)*(p_2)*...*(p_t) or 9*(p_1)*(p_2)*...*(p_{t-1}) with distinct primes p_i == 1 (mod 3); see A343000 for more detailed information.

LINKS

Jianing Song, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1600

LMFDB, Cubic fields

Wikipedia, Cubic field

FORMULA

a(n) = sqrt(A343024(n)).

EXAMPLE

63 is a term since 63^2 = 3969 is the discriminant of the 2 cyclic cubic fields Q[x]/(x^3 - 21x - 28) and Q[x]/(x^3 - 21x - 35).

819 is a term since 819^2 = 670761 is the discriminant of the 4 cyclic cubic fields Q[x]/(x^3 - 273x - 91), Q[x]/(x^3 - 273x - 728), Q[x]/(x^3 - 273x - 1547) and Q[x]/(x^3 - 273x - 1729).

PROG

(PARI) isA343025(n) = my(L=factor(n), w=omega(n)); if(w<2, return(0)); for(i=1, w, if(!((L[i, 1]%3==1 && L[i, 2]==1) || L[i, 1]^L[i, 2] == 9), return(0))); 1

CROSSREFS

Discriminants and their square roots of cyclic cubic fields:

At least 1 associated cyclic cubic field: A343000, A343001.

Exactly 1 associated cyclic cubic field: A343022, A002476 U {9}.

At least 2 associated cyclic cubic fields: A343024, this sequence.

Exactly 2 associated cyclic cubic fields: A343002, A343003.

Cf. A006832, A160498, A343023.

Sequence in context: A043966 A193417 A062375 * A343003 A253021 A039480

Adjacent sequences:  A343022 A343023 A343024 * A343026 A343027 A343028

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Jianing Song, Apr 02 2021

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 2 10:24 EST 2021. Contains 349437 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)