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A336011 Given the two curves y = (1 - exp(x/2))/(exp(x) + exp(x/2)) and y = (exp(-x) - 1)/2, draw a line tangent to both. This sequence is the decimal expansion of the y-coordinate (negated) of the point at which the line touches y = (1 - exp(x/2))/(exp(x) + exp(x/2)). 1
1, 1, 7, 2, 3, 8, 4, 9, 1, 9, 9, 6, 2, 1, 1, 9, 7, 1, 6, 5, 7, 2, 2, 3, 8, 9, 6, 0, 7, 0, 4, 6, 3, 2, 0, 2, 0, 2, 2, 4, 8, 0, 8, 9, 1, 1, 8, 6, 1, 1, 1, 9, 7, 7, 6, 8, 0, 5, 3, 2, 7, 5, 8, 0, 2, 9, 7, 7, 2, 4, 4, 0, 2, 0, 6, 8, 8, 1, 7, 6, 8, 6, 7, 8, 4, 0, 9, 9, 2, 9, 5, 3, 1, 2, 5, 2, 5, 7, 8, 1, 2, 8, 4, 1, 4, 7, 6 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

This constant is involved in the calculation of Gauchman's constant -A243261 (which equals A086278 - 1).

Gauchman's constant is the point where the common tangent to the two curves y = (1 - exp(x/2))/(exp(x) + exp(x/2)) and y = (exp(-x) - 1)/2 intersects the y-axis.

REFERENCES

Steven R. Finch, Mathematical Constants, Cambridge University Press, 2003, Section 3.1, Shapiro-Drinfeld constant, p. 210.

Hillel Gauchman, Solution to Problem 10528(b), unpublished note, 1998.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..106.

Vasile Cârtoaje, Jeremy Dawson and Hans Volkmer, Solution to Problem 10528(a,b), American Mathematical Monthly, 105 (1998), 473-474. [A comment was made about Hillel Gauchman's solution to part (b) of the problem that involves this constant, but no solution was published.]

Petros Hadjicostas, Plot of the curves y = (1 - exp(x/2))/(exp(x) + exp(x/2)) and y = (exp(-x) - 1)/2 and their common tangent, 2020.

FORMULA

We solve the following system of equations:

exp(-c) = (exp(b/2) + 2*exp(b) - exp(3*b/2))/(exp(b) + exp(b/2))^2 and

2*(1 - exp(b/2)) = (exp(b) + exp(b/2))*(exp(-c)*(1 + c - b) - 1).

Then the constant equals (1 - exp(b/2))/(exp(b) + exp(b/2)).

It turns out that b = -A335810 = -0.387552... and c = A335809 = 0.330604... even though A335810 and A335809 are also involved in the calculation of the Shapiro cyclic sum constant mu (A086278).

As a result, the constant also equals A335825 - 1.

EXAMPLE

0.11723849199621197165722389607046320202248089118...

PROG

(PARI) default("realprecision", 200)

c(b) = -log((exp(b/2) + 2*exp(b) - exp(3*b/2))/(exp(b) + exp(b/2))^2);

a = solve(b=-2, 0, (exp(b) + exp(b/2))*(-1 + exp(-c(b))*(1 + c(b) - b)) - 2*(1 - exp(b/2)));

(1 - exp(a/2))/(exp(a) + exp(a/2))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A086278, A243261, A335809 (c), A335810 (-b), A335825 (1 plus the constant), A336029 (y-coordinate for c).

Sequence in context: A065476 A019945 A335825 * A193027 A248288 A248287

Adjacent sequences: A336008 A336009 A336010 * A336012 A336013 A336014

KEYWORD

nonn,cons

AUTHOR

Petros Hadjicostas, Jul 05 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 5 08:15 EST 2023. Contains 360082 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)