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A333987 Integers m for which b(m) < b(m-1) where b(k) = Min_{sqrt(k) - sqrt(x) - sqrt(y) > 0 with x, y distinct integers}. 1
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 14, 15, 18, 21, 22, 24, 26, 30, 33, 34, 35, 38, 40, 42, 46, 50, 54, 58, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66, 70, 74, 78, 82, 84, 85, 86, 90, 94, 98, 99, 102, 106, 110, 112, 114, 118, 122, 126, 130, 133, 134, 138, 142, 143, 144, 146, 150, 154, 158, 161 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

b(a(n)) is a closer approximation than b(a(n-1)), where b(k) is the "best approximation" to k using only two radicals as defined in A337210.

Except for the first five terms, all terms present require two positive radicals.

Numbers of the form 4k - 2 for k > 0 are always in the sequence with arguments of their two radicals being k - 1 and k.

4, 12, 24, 40, 60, 84, 112, 144, 180, ... are terms == 0 (mod 4); 1, 5, 21, 33, 65, 85, 133, 161, 225, ... are terms == 1 (mod 4); 3, 15, 35, 63, 99, 143, 195, 255, 323, ... are terms == 3 (mod 4).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..62.

MATHEMATICA

y[x_] := Block[{lst = {x - 1}, min = Sqrt[x] - Sqrt[x - 1], rad = 1, sx = Sqrt[x]}, If[x > 5, a = 2; lim = (sx - 1)^2; While[a <= lim, b = 1; While[b < a, diff = sx - (Sqrt[a] + Sqrt[b]); If[ diff < 0, Break[]]; If[diff < min && diff > 0, rad = 2; min = diff; lst = {b, a}]; b++]; a++]]; min]; k = 1; min = Infinity; lst = {}; While[k < 171, a = y@k; If[a < min, min = a; AppendTo[lst, k]]; k++]; lst

PROG

(PARI) b(k) = {my(m=s=sqrt(k), t); for(x=1, k\4, if((t=(t=s-sqrt(x))-sqrt(floor(t^2))) < m && t > 10^-20, m=t)); m; }

lista(nn) = my(r=1); for(k=1, 4, print1(k, ", ")); for(k=1, nn, if(b(k) < r, print1(k, ", "); r=b(k)));

CROSSREFS

Cf. A045880, A337210, A337211.

Sequence in context: A018642 A116998 A337211 * A342476 A285614 A078931

Adjacent sequences:  A333984 A333985 A333986 * A333988 A333989 A333990

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Jinyuan Wang and Robert G. Wilson v, Sep 04 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 26 13:59 EDT 2022. Contains 354092 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)